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dc.contributor.authorDai, Yuminen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-19T09:00:09Z
dc.date.available2013-11-19T09:00:09Z
dc.date.issued2013-11-18en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:1658en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/24193
dc.description.abstractThe Kingston group's engagement in an International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG) program and a collaborative research project established between Virginia Tech and the Institute for Hepatitis and Virus Research (IHVR) has focused on the search for bioactive natural products from tropical forests in both Madagascar and South Africa. As a part of this research, a total of four antiproliferative extracts were studied, leading to the isolation of fourteen novel compounds with antiproliferative activity against the A2780 human ovarian cancer line. One extract with antimalarial activity was studied, which led to the isolation of two new natural products with antiplasmodial activity against a drug-resistant Dd2 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. The plants and their secondary metabolites are discussed in the following order: two new antiproliferative acetogenins from a Uvaria sp. (Annonaceae); two new antiproliferative calamenene-type sesquiterpenoids from Sterculia tavia (Malvaceae); two new antiproliferative triterpene saponins from Nematostylis anthophylla (Rubiaceae); six new antiproliferative homoisoflavonoids and two new bufatrienolides from Urginea depressa (Asparagaceae); and two new antiplasmodial anthraquinones from Kniphofia ensifolia (Asphodelaceae). The structures of all these compounds were determined by analysis of their mass spectrometric, 1D and 2D NMR, UV and IR spectroscopic and optical rotation data. Other than structural elucidation, this work also involved bioactivity evaluations of all the isolates, as well as total synthesis of the two antiproliferative sesquiterpenoids, and a structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies on the antiplasmodial anthroquinones.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this Item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectNatural Productsen_US
dc.subjectAnticanceren_US
dc.subjectAntimalarialen_US
dc.subjectBioassay Guided Separationen_US
dc.titleIsolation, Synthesis and Structure-Activity Relationship Study of Anticancer and Antimalarial Agents from Natural Productsen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentChemistryen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairKingston, David G. I.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGibson, Harry W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGandour, Richard D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSantos, Websteren_US


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