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  • Reflections on the anomalous ANITA events: the Antarctic subsurface as a possible explanation 

    Shoemaker, Ian M.; Kusenko, Alexander; Munneke, Peter Kuipers; Romero-Wolf, Andrew; Schroeder, Dustin M.; Siegert, Martin J. (Cambridge University Press, 2020-03-30)
    The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) balloon experiment was designed to detect radio signals initiated by high-energy neutrinos and cosmic ray (CR) air showers. These signals are typically discriminated by the ...
  • Non-equilibrium signal integration in hydrogels 

    Korevaar, Peter A.; Kaplan, C. Nadir; Grinthal, Alison; Rust, Reanne M.; Aizenberg, Joanna (2020-01-20)
    Materials that perform complex chemical signal processing are ubiquitous in living systems. Their synthetic analogs would transform developments in biomedicine, catalysis, and many other areas. By drawing inspiration from ...
  • Efficient symmetry-preserving state preparation circuits for the variational quantum eigensolver algorithm 

    Gard, Bryan T.; Zhu, Linghua; Barron, George S.; Mayhall, Nicholas J.; Economou, Sophia E.; Barnes, Edwin (2020-01-28)
    The variational quantum eigensolver is one of the most promising approaches for performing chemistry simulations using noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) processors. The efficiency of this algorithm depends crucially ...
  • Constraints on flavor-diagonal non-standard neutrino interactions from Borexino Phase-II 

    Agarwalla, S. K.; Agostini, M.; Altenmueller, K.; Appel, S.; Atroshchenko, V.; Bagdasarian, Z.; Basilico, D.; Bellini, G.; Benziger, J.; Bick, D.; Bonfini, G.; Bravo, D.; Caccianiga, B.; Calaprice, F.; Caminata, A.; Cappelli, L.; Cavalcante, P.; Cavanna, F.; Chepurnov, A.; Choi, K.; D'Angelo, D.; Davini, S.; Derbin, A.; Di Giacinto, A.; Di Marcello, V.; Ding, X. F.; Di Ludovico, A.; Di Noto, L.; Drachnev, I.; Fomenko, K.; Formozov, A.; Franco, D.; Gabriele, F.; Galbiati, C.; Gschwender, M.; Ghiano, C.; Giammarchi, M.; Goretti, A.; Gromov, M.; Guffanti, D.; Hagner, C.; Hungerford, E.; Ianni, Aldo; Ianni, Andrea; Jany, A.; Jeschke, D.; Kumaran, S.; Kobychev, V; Korga, G.; Lachenmaier, T.; Laubenstein, M.; Litvinovich, E.; Lombardi, P.; Ludhova, L.; Lukyanchenko, G.; Lukyanchenko, L.; Machulin, I.; Manuzio; Marcocci, S.; Maricic, J.; Martyn, J.; Meroni, E.; Meyer, M.; Miramonti, L.; Misiaszek, M.; Muratova, V.; Neumair, B.; Nieslony, M.; Oberauer, L.; Orekhov, V.; Ortica, F.; Pallavicini, M.; Papp, L.; Penek, O.; Pietrofaccia, L.; Pilipenko, N.; Pocar, A.; Raikov, G.; Ranucci, G.; Razeto, A.; Re, A.; Redchuk, M.; Romani, A.; Rossi, N.; Rottenanger, S.; Schoenert, S.; Semenov, D.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Smirnov, O.; Sotnikov, A.; Sun, C.; Suvorov, Y.; Takeuchi, T.; Tartaglia, R.; Testera, G.; Thurn, J.; Unzhakov, E.; Vishneva, A.; Vogelaar, R. B.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Wojcik, M.; Wurm, M.; Zaimidoroga, O.; Zavatarelli, S.; Zuber, K.; Zuzel, G. (2020-02-05)
    The Borexino detector measures solar neutrino fluxes via neutrino-electron elastic scattering. Observed spectra are determined by the solar-nu(e) survival probability P-ee(E), and the chiral couplings of the neutrino and ...
  • Searches for decays of new particles in the DUNE Multi-Purpose near Detector 

    Berryman, Jeffrey M.; de Gouvea, Andre; Fox, Patrick J.; Kayser, Boris J.; Kelly, Kevin J.; Raaf, Jennifer L. (2020-02-27)
    One proposed component of the upcoming Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) near detector complex is a multi-purpose, magnetized, gaseous argon time projection chamber: the Multi-Purpose Detector (MPD). We explore ...
  • General F-theory models with tuned (SU(3) × SU(2) × U(1))/ℤ6 symmetry 

    Raghuram, Nikhil; Taylor, Washington; Turner, Andrew P. (2020-04-01)
    We construct a general form for an F-theory Weierstrass model over a general base giving a 6D or 4D supergravity theory with gauge group (SU(3) × SU(2) × U(1))/ℤ6 and generic associated matter, which includes the matter ...
  • Dark energy and string theory 

    Berglund, Per; Hubsch, Tristan; Minic, Djordje (2019-11-10)
    A radiatively stable de Sitter spacetime is constructed by considering an intrinsically non-commutative and generalized-geometric formulation of string theory, which is related to a family of F-theory models endowed with ...
  • Strongly Bent Double-Stranded DNA: Reconciling Theory and Experiment 

    Drozdetski, Aleksander V.; Mukhopadhyay, Abhishek; Onufriev, Alexey V. (2019-11-29)
    The strong bending of polymers is poorly understood. We propose a general quantitative framework of polymer bending that includes both the weak and strong bending regimes on the same footing, based on a single general ...
  • Feedback control of surface roughness in a one-dimensional KPZ growth process 

    Priyanka; Täuber, Uwe C.; Pleimling, Michel
    Control of generically scale-invariant systems, i.e., targeting specific cooperative features in non-linear stochastic interacting systems with many degrees of freedom subject to strong fluctuations and correlations that ...
  • Critical Scaling and Aging near the Flux Line Depinning Transition 

    Chaturvedi, Harshwardhan; Dobramysl, Ulrich; Pleimling, Michel; Täuber, Uwe C.
    We utilize Langevin molecular dynamics simulations to study dynamical critical behavior of magnetic flux lines near the depinning transition in type-II superconductors subject to randomly distributed attractive point defects. ...
  • Aging phenomena in the two-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation 

    Liu, Weigang; Täuber, Uwe C.
    The complex Ginzburg-Landau equation with additive noise is a stochastic partial differential equation that describes a remarkably wide range of physical systems which include coupled non-linear oscillators subject to ...
  • Nucleation of spatiotemporal structures from defect turbulence in the two-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation 

    Liu, Weigang; Täuber, Uwe C. (American Physical Society, 2019-11-20)
    We numerically investigate nucleation processes in the transient dynamics of the two-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation toward its "frozen" state with quasistationary spiral structures. We study the transition ...
  • Skyrmion relaxation dynamics in the presence of quenched disorder 

    Brown, Barton L.; Täuber, Uwe C.; Pleimling, Michel (American Physical Society, 2019-07-09)
    Using Langevin molecular dynamics simulations we study relaxation processes of interacting skyrmion systems with and without quenched disorder. Using the typical diffusion length as the time-dependent length characterizing ...
  • Crossover From Self-Similar to Self-Affine Structures in Precolation 

    Frey, E.; Täuber, Uwe C.; Schwabl, F. (Editions Physique, 1994-05-20)
    We study the crossover from self-similar scaling behavior to asymptotically self-affine (anisotropic) structures. As an example, we consider bond percolation with one preferred direction. Our theory is based on a ...
  • Transverse temperature interfaces in the Katz-Lebowitz-Spohn driven lattice gas 

    Mukhamadiarov, Ruslan I.; Priyanka; Täuber, Uwe C. (American Physical Society (APS), 2018-09-22)
    We explore the intriguing spatial patterns that emerge in a two-dimensional spatially inhomogeneous Katz-Lebowitz-Spohn (KLS) driven lattice gas with attractive nearest-neighbor interactions. The domain is split into two ...
  • Generation of arbitrary all-photonic graph states from quantum emitters 

    Russo, Antonio; Barnes, Edwin; Economou, Sophia E. (Institute of Physics, 2019-05-08)
    We present protocols to generate arbitrary photonic graph states from quantum emitters that are in principle deterministic.Wefocus primarily on two-dimensional cluster states of arbitrary size due to their importance for ...
  • General solution to inhomogeneous dephasing and smooth pulse dynamical decoupling 

    Zeng, Junkai; Deng, Xiu-Hao; Russo, Antonio; Barnes, Edwin (Institute of Physics, 2018-03-26)
    In order to achieve the high-fidelity quantum control needed for a broad range of quantum information technologies, reducing the effects of noise and system inhomogeneities is an essential task. It is well known that a ...
  • Preferential phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate binding contributes to a destabilization of the VHS domain structure of Tom1 

    Xiong, Wen; Tang, Tuo-Xian; Littleton, Evan; Karcini, Arba; Lazar, Iulia M.; Capelluto, Daniel G. S. (Springer Nature, 2019-07-26)
    Tom1 transports endosomal ubiquitinated proteins that are targeted for degradation in the lysosomal pathway. Infection of eukaryotic cells by Shigella flexneri boosts oxygen consumption and promotes the synthesis of ...
  • Online Gambling of Pure Chance: Wager Distribution, Risk Attitude, and Anomalous Diffusion 

    Wang, Xiangwen; Pleimling, Michel (Springer Nature, 2019-10-11)
    Online gambling sites offer many different gambling games. In this work we analyse the gambling logs of numerous solely probability-based gambling games and extract the wager and odds distributions. We find that the ...
  • A novel segmented-scintillator antineutrino detector 

    Abreu, Y.; Amhis, Y.; Arnold, L.; Ban, G.; Beaumont, W.; Bongrand, M.; Boursette, D.; Buhour, J. M.; Castle, B. C.; Clark, K.; Coupe, B.; Cucoanes, A. S.; Cussans, D.; De Roeck, A.; D'Hondt, J.; Durand, D.; Fallot, M.; Fresneau, S.; Ghys, L.; Giot, L.; Guillon, B.; Guilloux, G.; Ihantola, S.; Janssen, X.; Kalcheva, S.; Kalousis, L. N.; Koonen, E.; Labare, M.; Lehaut, G.; Mermans, J.; Michiels, I.; Moortgat, C.; Newbold, D.; Park, J.; Petridis, K.; Pinera, I. a; Pommery, G.; Popescu, L.; Pronost, G.; Rademacker, J.; Reynolds, A.; Ryckbosch, D.; Ryder, N.; Saunders, D.; Shitov, Yu. A.; Schune, M. -H.; Scovell, P. R.; Simard, L.; Vacheret, A.; Van Dyck, S.; Van Mulders, P.; van Remortel, N.; Vercaemer, S.; Waldron, A.; Weber, A.; Yermia, F. (2017-04)
    The next generation of very-short-baseline reactor experiments will require compact detectors operating at surface level and close to a nuclear reactor. This paper presents a new detector concept based on a composite solid ...

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