Research articles, presentations, and other scholarship

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  • Burden of lower respiratory infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study 

    Mokdad, Ali H.; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Charara, Raghid; Khalil, Ibrahim; Afshin, Ashkan; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Collison, Michael; Daoud, Farah; Chew, Adrienne; Krohn, Kristopher J.; Colombara, Danny; Ehrenkranz, Rebecca; Foreman, Kyle J.; Frostad, Joseph; Godwin, William W.; Kutz, Michael; Rao, Puja C.; Reiner, Robert; Troeger, Christopher; Wang, Haidong; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Adane, Kelemework; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadi, Alireza; Beshir, Muktar; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alasfoor, Deena; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Anber, Nahla; Ansari, Hossein; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Asayesh, Hamid; Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Arthur, Euripide Frinel G.; Bacha, Umar; Barac, Aleksandra; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Drew, Charles R.; Geffen, David; Bedi, Neeraj; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Michael, Brauer; Butt, Zahid A.; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Danawi, Hadi; Djalalinia, Shirin; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Eshrati, Babak; Farvid, Maryam S.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fischer, Florian; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Kiros Tedla; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hambisa, Mitiku Teshome; Hamidi, Samer; Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh; Hedayati, Mohammad T.; Horita, Nobuyuki; Husseini, Abdullatif; Spencer, Lewis James; Javanbakht, Mehdi; Jonas, Jost B.; Kasaeian, Amir; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khoja, Abdullah Tawfih Abdullah; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissoon, Niranjan; Larson, Heidi J.; Latif, Asma Abdul; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy; Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy; Majdzadeh, Reza; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Farid, Habibolah Masoudi; Mehari, Alem; Memish, Ziad A.; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Mensah, George A.; Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane; Nakamura, Sachiko; Oren, Eyal; Pourmalek, Farshad; Qorbani, Mostafa; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Vafa, Rahimi-Movaghar; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Refaat, Amany H.; Rezaei, Satar; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Safdarian, Mahdi; Safiri, Saeid; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Salamati, Payman; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sartorius, Benn; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Shigematsu, Mika; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Sufiyan, Muawiyyah Babale; Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Topor-Madry, Roman; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wakayo, Tolassa; Werdecker, Andrea; Wijeratne, Tissa; Yaghoubi, Mohsen; Yimam, Hassen Hamid; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Jumaan, Aisha O.; Vos, Theo; Naghavi, Mohsen; Hay, Simon I.; Murray, Christopher J. L. (2018-05)
    We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. We conducted ...
  • Trends in HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study 

    Mokdad, Ali H.; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Wang, Haidong; Charara, Raghid; Khalil, Ibrahim; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Afshin, Ashkan; Collison, Michael; Daoud, Farah; Chew, Adrienne; Krohn, Kristopher J.; Carter, Austin; Foreman, Kyle J.; He, Fei; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Kutz, Michael; Mirarefin, Mojde; Nguyen, Grant; Silpakit, Naris; Sligar, Amber; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Adane, Kelemework; Agarwal, Arnav; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadi, Alireza; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Al Lami, Faris Hasan; Alam, Khurshid; Alasfoor, Deena; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Ammar, Walid; Anber, Nahla; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Asayesh, Hamid; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Ayele, Tadesse Awoke; Azzopardi, Peter; Bacha, Umar; Barac, Aleksandra; Baernighausen, Till; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Geffen, David; Bedi, Neeraj; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhane, Adugnaw; Bessong, Pascal Obong; Beyene, Addisu Shunu; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Birungi, Charles; Butt, Zahid A.; Cahuana-Hurtado, Lucero; Danawi, Hadi; das Neves, Jose; Deribe, Kebede; Deribew, Amare; Jarlais, Don C. Des; Dharmaratne, Samath D.; Djalalinia, Shirin; Doyle, Kerrie E.; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Eshrati, Babak; Faraon, Emerito Jose Aquino; Farvid, Maryam S.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Feyissa, Tesfaye Regassa; Fischer, Florian; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Gesesew, Hailay Abrha; Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo; Glaser, Elizabeth; Gona, Philimon N.; Gugnani, Harish Chander; Gupta, Rahul; Bidgoli, Hassan Haghparast; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hambisa, Mitiku Teshome; Hamidi, Samer; Harb, Hilda L.; Hareri, Habtamu Abera; Horita, Nobuyuki; Husseini, Abdullatif; Ibrahim, Ahmed; James, Spencer Lewis; Jonas, Jost B.; Kasaeian, Amir; Kassaw, Nigussie Assefa; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khoja, Abdullah Tawfih Abdullah; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kim, Yun Jin; Koyanagi, Ai; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Larson, Heidi J.; Latif, Asma Abdul; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy; Majdzadeh, Reza; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Manyazewal, Tsegahun; Markos, Desalegn; Farid, Habibolah Masoudi; Mehari, Alem; Mekonnen, Alemayehu B.; Memiah, Peter; Memish, Ziad A.; Mendoza, Walter; Mengesha, Melkamu Merid; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane; Mhimbira, Francis Apolinary; Miller, Ted R.; Moore, Ami R.; Mumtaz, Ghina R.; Natarajan, Gopalakrishnan; Negin, Joel; Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oh, In-Hwan; Ota, Erika; Pereira, David M.; Pourmalek, Farshad; Qorbani, Mostafa; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Ram, Usha; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Renzaho, Andre M. N.; Rezaei, Satar; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Safdarian, Mahdi; Safiri, Saeid; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Salamati, Payman; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sartorius, Benn; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Sibamo, Ephrem Lejore Sibamo; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Sobaih, Badr H. A.; Soshnikov, Sergey; Sufiyan, Muawiyyah Babale; Sykes, Bryan L.; Taveira, Nuno; Tegegne, Teketo Kassaw; Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash; Tekelab, Tesfalidet; Shifa, Girma Temam; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Tesssema, Belay; Topor-Madry, Roman; Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wadilo, Fiseha; Wakayo, Tolassa; Alebachew, Minyahil; Workicho, Abdulhalik; Workie, Shimelash Bitew; Yaghoubi, Mohsen; Yalew, Ayalnesh Zemene; Yimam, Hassen Hamid; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Yotebieng, Marcel; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Jumaan, Aisha O.; Vos, Theo; Hay, Simon I.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Murray, Christopher J. L. (2018-05)
    We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to estimate trends of HIV/AIDS burden in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries between 1990 and 2015. Tailored estimation methods were used to produce ...
  • Feasibility for Measuring Transverse Area Ratios and Asymmetry of Lumbosacral Region Paraspinal Muscles in Working Dogs Using Computed Tomography 

    Cain, Bethany; Jones, Jeryl C.; Holaskova, Ida; Freeman, Larry; Pierce, Bess (Frontiers, 2016)
    Objectives: Describe computed tomographic (CT) anatomy of canine lumbosacral (LS) paraspinal muscles, a method for measuring paraspinal muscle transverse area ratios and asymmetry using CT, and application of this method ...
  • Evaluation of the Efficacy of Disinfectant Footmats for the Reduction of Bacterial Contamination on Footwear in a Large Animal Veterinary Hospital 

    Hornig, K. J.; Burgess, B. A.; Saklou, N. T.; Johnson, V.; Malmlov, A.; Van Metre, D. C.; Morley, P. S.; Byers, S. R. (American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2016-11)
    Background: Infection control is critical to providing high-quality patient care. Many veterinary teaching hospitals (VTHs) utilize footbaths or footmats at entrances and key control points throughout the facility to ...
  • Environmental Predictors of US County Mortality Patterns on a National Basis 

    Chan, Melissa P.L.; Weinhold, Robert S.; Thomas, Reuben; Gohlke, Julia M.; Portier, Christopher J. (PLOS, 2015-12-02)
    A growing body of evidence has found that mortality rates are positively correlated with social inequalities, air pollution, elevated ambient temperature, availability of medical care and other factors. This study develops ...
  • Lost in translation: Delivering culturally and linguistically appropriate interventions to Hispanic populations 

    Valenzuela, Ivette (2015)
    Hispanics became the United States' largest minority in 2012. Lack of culturally and linguistically appropriate interventions in the Hispanic population at the health-care and community levels increases the risk of negative ...
  • Navigable rivers facilitated the spread and recurrence of plague in pre-industrial Europe 

    Yue, Ricci P. H.; Lee, Harry F.; Wu, Connor Y. H. (Springer Nature, 2016-10-10)
    Infectious diseases have become a rising challenge to mankind in a globalizing world. Yet, little is known about the inland transmission of infectious diseases in history. In this study, we based on the spatiotemporal ...
  • Trade routes and plague transmission in pre-industrial Europe 

    Yue, Ricci P. H.; Lee, Harry F.; Wu, Connor Y. H. (Springer Nature, 2017-10-11)
    Numerous historical works have mentioned that trade routes were to blame for the spread of plague in European history, yet this relationship has never been tested by quantitative evidence. Here, we resolve the hypothetical ...
  • A VP26-mNeonGreen Capsid Fusion HSV-2 Mutant Reactivates from Viral Latency in the Guinea Pig Genital Model with Normal Kinetics 

    Pieknik, JR; Bertke, Andrea S.; Tang, S; Krause, PR (MDPI, 2018-05-01)
    Fluorescent herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are invaluable tools for localizing virus in cells, permitting visualization of capsid trafficking and enhancing neuroanatomical research. Fluorescent viruses can also be used to ...
  • Demographics, perceptions, and socioeconomic factors affecting influenza vaccination among adults in the United States 

    Abbas, Kaja M.; Kang, Gloria J.; Chen, Daniel; Werre, Stephen R.; Marathe, Achla (PeerJ, 2018-07-13)
    Objective. The study objective is to analyze influenza vaccination status by demographic factors, perceived vaccine efficacy, social influence, herd immunity, vaccine cost, health insurance status, and barriers to influenza ...
  • Temperature and heat in informal settlements in Nairobi 

    Scott, Anna A.; Misiani, Herbert; Okoth, Terrify; Jordan, Asha; Gohlke, Julia; Ouma, Gilbert; Arrighi, Julie; Zaitchik, Ben F.; Jjemba, Eddie; Verjee, Safia; Waugh, Darryn W. (PLOS, 2017-11-06)
    Nairobi, Kenya exhibits a wide variety of micro-climates and heterogeneous surfaces. Paved roads and high-rise buildings interspersed with low vegetation typify the central business district, while large neighborhoods of ...
  • LAT Region Factors Mediating Differential Neuronal Tropism of HSV-1 and HSV-2 Do Not Act in Trans 

    Bertke, Andrea S.; Apakupakul, K.; Ma, AyeAye; Imai, Y; Gussow, AM; Wang, K; Cohen, JI; Bloom, DC; Margolis, Todd P. (PLOS, 2012-12-31)
    After HSV infection, some trigeminal ganglion neurons support productive cycle gene expression, while in other neurons the virus establishes a latent infection. We previously demonstrated that HSV-1 and HSV-2 preferentially ...
  • Zika Virus Persistently and Productively Infects Primary Adult Sensory Neurons In Vitro 

    Swartwout, Brianna K.; Zlotnick, Marta G.; Saver, Ashley E.; McKenna, Caroline M.; Bertke, Andrea S. (MDPI, 2017-10-13)
    Zika virus (ZIKV) has recently surged in human populations, causing an increase in congenital and Guillain-Barré syndromes. While sexual transmission and presence of ZIKV in urine, semen, vaginal secretions, and saliva ...
  • Multi-scale immunoepidemiological modeling of within-host and between-host HIV dynamics: systematic review of mathematical models 

    Dorratoltaj, Nargesalsadat; Nikin-Beers, Ryan; Ciupe, Stanca M.; Eubank, Stephen G.; Abbas, Kaja M. (PeerJ, 2017-09-28)
    Objective The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review of multi-scale HIV immunoepidemiological models to improve our understanding of the synergistic impact between the HIV viral-immune dynamics at the ...
  • Effect Modification by Environmental Quality on the Association between Heatwaves and Mortality in Alabama, United States 

    Jian, Yun; Wu, Connor Y. H.; Gohlke, Julia (MDPI, 2017-09-28)
    Background: Previous studies have shown that heatwaves are associated with increased mortality. However, it remains unclear whether the associations between heatwaves and mortality are modified by the environmental ...
  • Epidemiological and economic impact of pandemic influenza in Chicago: Priorities for vaccine interventions 

    Dorratoltaj, Nargesalsadat; Marathe, Achla; Lewis, Bryan L.; Swarup, Samarth; Eubank, Stephen G.; Abbas, Kaja M. (PLOS, 2017-06-01)
    The study objective is to estimate the epidemiological and economic impact of vaccine interventions during influenza pandemics in Chicago, and assist in vaccine intervention priorities. Scenarios of delay in vaccine ...
  • A Mathematical Model of Skeletal Muscle Disease and Immune Response in the mdx Mouse 

    Jarrah, Abdul Salam; Castiglione, Filippo; Evans, Nicholas P.; Grange, Robert W.; Laubenbacher, Reinhard (Hindawi, 2014-06-11)
    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a genetic disease that results in the death of affected boys by early adulthood. The genetic defect responsible for DMD has been known for over 25 years, yet at present there is neither ...
  • Rethinking health systems strengthening: key systems thinking tools and strategies for transformational change 

    Swanson, RC; Cattaneo, A; Bradley, E; Chunharas, S; Atun, R; Abbas, KM; Katsaliaki, K; Mustafee, N; Mason Meier, B; Best, A (Oxford Univ Press, 2012-10-01)

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