Research articles, presentations, and other scholarship

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  • Conocimientos de la hipertension: Health beliefs about hypertension in an under-resourced community in the Dominican Republic 

    Abrams, Jasmine A.; Castro, Bryan; Gordhandas, Sushmita; Grzegorczyk, Anna; Maxwell, Morgan; Brawner, Bridgette; Conserve, Donaldson F.; Ryan, Mark (2020-06-23)
    Understanding health beliefs is important to facilitate health promotion and disease prevention as they influence health behaviors, outcomes, and disease management. Given the rise of hypertension-related diseases in the ...
  • Water & Health in Rural China & Appalachia 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2019-10-04)
    The goal of this conference was to connect VT faculty and students with researchers and officials from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and UC Berkeley in order to share past/present/planned research ...
  • Livestock and avermectins in Sub-Saharan Africa: protocol for a restricted systematic review of the impacts on productivity and documentation of resistance 

    Rist, Cassidy; Zheng, Rose; DeBose, Kyrille (Virginia Tech, 2020-07-13)
    This document provides the protocol for a restricted systematic review (rapid review) intended to summarize the impacts of avermectins on livestock productivity and document resistance to avermectins in livestock in ...
  • Intermittent Water Supply Management, Household Adaptation, and Drinking Water Quality: A Comparative Study in Two Chinese Provinces 

    Li, Hongxing; Cohen, Alasdair; Li, Zheng; Lv, Shibo; He, Zuan; Wang, Li; Zhang, Xinyi (MDPI, 2020-05-12)
    Intermittent water supply (IWS) is a relatively common phenomenon across the world as well as in rural and peri-urban areas across China, though there has been little IWS-focused research from China published to date. IWS ...
  • Modeling the Potential for Vaccination to Diminish the Burden of Invasive Nontyphoidal Salmonella Disease in Young Children in Mali, West Africa 

    Bornstein, Kristin; Hungerford, Laura; Hartley, David; Sorkin, John D.; Tapia, Milagritos D.; Sow, Samba O.; Onwuchekwa, Uma; Simon, Raphael; Tennant, Sharon M.; Levine, Myron M. (PLOS, 2017-02-09)
    A surveillance program at Gabriel Touré Hospital in Mali observed a high burden of invasive disease caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS). This surveillance program was originally instituted to measure the amount of ...
  • Building Interdisciplinary Partnerships for Community-Engaged Environmental Health Research in Appalachian Virginia 

    Satterwhite, Emily; Bell, Shannon Elizabeth; Marr, Linsey C.; Thompson, Christopher K.; Prussin, Aaron J.; Buttling, Lauren; Pan, Jin; Gohlke, Julia M. (MDPI, 2020-03-05)
    This article describes a collaboration among a group of university faculty, undergraduate students, local governments, local residents, and U.S. Army staff to address long-standing concerns about the environmental health ...
  • Prevalence of zoonotic parasites in feral cats of Central Virginia, USA 

    Taetzsch, Sara J.; Gruszynski, Karen R.; Bertke, Andrea S.; Dubey, Jitender P.; Monti, Katelynn A.; Zajac, Anne M.; Lindsay, David S. (2018-09)
    Felis catus, the domestic cat, is the definitive host for parasites that may result in adverse health outcomes in humans. Prevalence data of zoonotic parasites in feral cats, which are free-roaming domestic cats that are ...
  • Incidence of Health and Behavior Problems in Service Dog Candidates Neutered at Various Ages 

    Zlotnick, Marta; Corrigan, Virginia; Griffin, Erin; Alayon, Megan; Hungerford, Laura (2019-10-08)
    Saint Francis Service Dogs (SFSD) trains dogs to aid people with multiple sclerosis, brain injury, and many other conditions. Organizations like SFSD must carefully consider when to neuter dogs to give them the best chance ...
  • Mechanisms of Communicating Health Information Through Facebook: Implications for Consumer Health Information Technology Design 

    Menefee, Hannah K.; Thompson, Morgan J.; Guterbock, Thomas M.; Williams, Ishan C.; Valdez, Rupa S. (2016-08)
    Background: Consumer health information technology (IT) solutions are designed to support patient health management and have the ability to facilitate patients' health information communication with their social networks. ...
  • Route of Infection Influences Zika Virus Shedding in a Guinea Pig Model 

    Saver, Ashley E.; Crawford, Stephanie A.; Joyce, Jonathan D.; Bertke, Andrea S. (MDPI, 2019-11-14)
    Due to the recent epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and resulting sequelae, as well as concerns about both the sexual and vertical transmission of the virus, renewed attention has been paid to the pathogenesis of ...
  • Evaluation of a mindfulness-based stress management and nutrition education program for mothers 

    Kennedy, Lauren E.; Hosig, Kathy L.; Ju, Young; Serrano, Elena L. (Cogent, 2019-10-31)
    Background: Maternal stress is implicated in obesity and obesity-related chronic disease. This can have consequences for their children’s weight status and disease development. Interventions are needed that target both ...
  • Trends in HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study 

    Mokdad, Ali H.; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Wang, Haidong; Charara, Raghid; Khalil, Ibrahim; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Afshin, Ashkan; Collison, Michael; Daoud, Farah; Chew, Adrienne; Krohn, Kristopher J.; Carter, Austin; Foreman, Kyle J.; He, Fei; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Kutz, Michael; Mirarefin, Mojde; Nguyen, Grant; Silpakit, Naris; Sligar, Amber; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Adane, Kelemework; Agarwal, Arnav; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadi, Alireza; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Al Lami, Faris Hasan; Alam, Khurshid; Alasfoor, Deena; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Ammar, Walid; Anber, Nahla; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Asayesh, Hamid; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Ayele, Tadesse Awoke; Azzopardi, Peter; Bacha, Umar; Barac, Aleksandra; Baernighausen, Till; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Geffen, David; Bedi, Neeraj; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhane, Adugnaw; Bessong, Pascal Obong; Beyene, Addisu Shunu; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Birungi, Charles; Butt, Zahid A.; Cahuana-Hurtado, Lucero; Danawi, Hadi; das Neves, Jose; Deribe, Kebede; Deribew, Amare; Jarlais, Don C. Des; Dharmaratne, Samath D.; Djalalinia, Shirin; Doyle, Kerrie E.; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Eshrati, Babak; Faraon, Emerito Jose Aquino; Farvid, Maryam S.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Feyissa, Tesfaye Regassa; Fischer, Florian; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Gesesew, Hailay Abrha; Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo; Glaser, Elizabeth; Gona, Philimon N.; Gugnani, Harish Chander; Gupta, Rahul; Bidgoli, Hassan Haghparast; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hambisa, Mitiku Teshome; Hamidi, Samer; Harb, Hilda L.; Hareri, Habtamu Abera; Horita, Nobuyuki; Husseini, Abdullatif; Ibrahim, Ahmed; James, Spencer Lewis; Jonas, Jost B.; Kasaeian, Amir; Kassaw, Nigussie Assefa; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khoja, Abdullah Tawfih Abdullah; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kim, Yun Jin; Koyanagi, Ai; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Larson, Heidi J.; Latif, Asma Abdul; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy; Majdzadeh, Reza; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Manyazewal, Tsegahun; Markos, Desalegn; Farid, Habibolah Masoudi; Mehari, Alem; Mekonnen, Alemayehu B.; Memiah, Peter; Memish, Ziad A.; Mendoza, Walter; Mengesha, Melkamu Merid; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane; Mhimbira, Francis Apolinary; Miller, Ted R.; Moore, Ami R.; Mumtaz, Ghina R.; Natarajan, Gopalakrishnan; Negin, Joel; Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oh, In-Hwan; Ota, Erika; Pereira, David M.; Pourmalek, Farshad; Qorbani, Mostafa; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Ram, Usha; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Renzaho, Andre M. N.; Rezaei, Satar; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Safdarian, Mahdi; Safiri, Saeid; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Salamati, Payman; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sartorius, Benn; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Sibamo, Ephrem Lejore Sibamo; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Sobaih, Badr H. A.; Soshnikov, Sergey; Sufiyan, Muawiyyah Babale; Sykes, Bryan L.; Taveira, Nuno; Tegegne, Teketo Kassaw; Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash; Tekelab, Tesfalidet; Shifa, Girma Temam; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Tesssema, Belay; Topor-Madry, Roman; Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wadilo, Fiseha; Wakayo, Tolassa; Alebachew, Minyahil; Workicho, Abdulhalik; Workie, Shimelash Bitew; Yaghoubi, Mohsen; Yalew, Ayalnesh Zemene; Yimam, Hassen Hamid; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Yotebieng, Marcel; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Jumaan, Aisha O.; Vos, Theo; Hay, Simon I.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Murray, Christopher J. L. (2018-05)
    We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to estimate trends of HIV/AIDS burden in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries between 1990 and 2015. Tailored estimation methods were used to produce ...
  • Burden of lower respiratory infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study 

    Mokdad, Ali H.; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Charara, Raghid; Khalil, Ibrahim; Afshin, Ashkan; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Collison, Michael; Daoud, Farah; Chew, Adrienne; Krohn, Kristopher J.; Colombara, Danny; Ehrenkranz, Rebecca; Foreman, Kyle J.; Frostad, Joseph; Godwin, William W.; Kutz, Michael; Rao, Puja C.; Reiner, Robert; Troeger, Christopher; Wang, Haidong; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Adane, Kelemework; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadi, Alireza; Beshir, Muktar; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alasfoor, Deena; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Anber, Nahla; Ansari, Hossein; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Asayesh, Hamid; Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Arthur, Euripide Frinel G.; Bacha, Umar; Barac, Aleksandra; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Drew, Charles R.; Geffen, David; Bedi, Neeraj; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Michael, Brauer; Butt, Zahid A.; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Danawi, Hadi; Djalalinia, Shirin; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Eshrati, Babak; Farvid, Maryam S.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fischer, Florian; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Kiros Tedla; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hambisa, Mitiku Teshome; Hamidi, Samer; Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh; Hedayati, Mohammad T.; Horita, Nobuyuki; Husseini, Abdullatif; Spencer, Lewis James; Javanbakht, Mehdi; Jonas, Jost B.; Kasaeian, Amir; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khoja, Abdullah Tawfih Abdullah; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissoon, Niranjan; Larson, Heidi J.; Latif, Asma Abdul; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy; Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy; Majdzadeh, Reza; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Farid, Habibolah Masoudi; Mehari, Alem; Memish, Ziad A.; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Mensah, George A.; Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane; Nakamura, Sachiko; Oren, Eyal; Pourmalek, Farshad; Qorbani, Mostafa; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Vafa, Rahimi-Movaghar; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Refaat, Amany H.; Rezaei, Satar; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Safdarian, Mahdi; Safiri, Saeid; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Salamati, Payman; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sartorius, Benn; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Shigematsu, Mika; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Sufiyan, Muawiyyah Babale; Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Topor-Madry, Roman; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wakayo, Tolassa; Werdecker, Andrea; Wijeratne, Tissa; Yaghoubi, Mohsen; Yimam, Hassen Hamid; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Jumaan, Aisha O.; Vos, Theo; Naghavi, Mohsen; Hay, Simon I.; Murray, Christopher J. L. (2018-05)
    We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. We conducted ...
  • Feasibility for Measuring Transverse Area Ratios and Asymmetry of Lumbosacral Region Paraspinal Muscles in Working Dogs Using Computed Tomography 

    Cain, Bethany; Jones, Jeryl C.; Holaskova, Ida; Freeman, Larry; Pierce, Bess (Frontiers, 2016)
    Objectives: Describe computed tomographic (CT) anatomy of canine lumbosacral (LS) paraspinal muscles, a method for measuring paraspinal muscle transverse area ratios and asymmetry using CT, and application of this method ...
  • Evaluation of the Efficacy of Disinfectant Footmats for the Reduction of Bacterial Contamination on Footwear in a Large Animal Veterinary Hospital 

    Hornig, K. J.; Burgess, B. A.; Saklou, N. T.; Johnson, V.; Malmlov, A.; Van Metre, D. C.; Morley, P. S.; Byers, S. R. (American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2016-11)
    Background: Infection control is critical to providing high-quality patient care. Many veterinary teaching hospitals (VTHs) utilize footbaths or footmats at entrances and key control points throughout the facility to ...
  • Environmental Predictors of US County Mortality Patterns on a National Basis 

    Chan, Melissa P. L.; Weinhold, Robert S.; Thomas, Reuben; Gohlke, Julia; Portier, Christopher J. (PLOS, 2015-12-02)
    A growing body of evidence has found that mortality rates are positively correlated with social inequalities, air pollution, elevated ambient temperature, availability of medical care and other factors. This study develops ...
  • Lost in translation: Delivering culturally and linguistically appropriate interventions to Hispanic populations 

    Valenzuela, Ivette (2015)
    Hispanics became the United States' largest minority in 2012. Lack of culturally and linguistically appropriate interventions in the Hispanic population at the health-care and community levels increases the risk of negative ...
  • Impact of demographic disparities in social distancing and vaccination on influenza epidemics in urban and rural regions of the United States 

    Singh, Meghendra; Sarkhel, Prasenjit; Kang, Gloria J.; Marathe, Achla; Boyle, Kevin; Murray-Tuite, Pamela; Abbas, Kaja M.; Swarup, Samarth (2019-03-04)
    Abstract Background Self-protective behaviors of social distancing and vaccination uptake vary by demographics and affect the transmission dynamics of influenza in the United ...
  • Navigable rivers facilitated the spread and recurrence of plague in pre-industrial Europe 

    Yue, Ricci P. H.; Lee, Harry F.; Wu, Connor Y. H. (Springer Nature, 2016-10-10)
    Infectious diseases have become a rising challenge to mankind in a globalizing world. Yet, little is known about the inland transmission of infectious diseases in history. In this study, we based on the spatiotemporal ...
  • Trade routes and plague transmission in pre-industrial Europe 

    Yue, Ricci P. H.; Lee, Harry F.; Wu, Connor Y. H. (Springer Nature, 2017-10-11)
    Numerous historical works have mentioned that trade routes were to blame for the spread of plague in European history, yet this relationship has never been tested by quantitative evidence. Here, we resolve the hypothetical ...

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