AREAL MODELING OF EROSION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL NONPOINT APPLICATIONS (AMEENA)
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AMEENA was validated using field data of net erosion and sediment deposition from three field studies. AMEENA predicted the spatial distribution of net erosion and deposition better than WaTEM/SEDEM which is a distributed parameter erosion model based on a similar modeling approach. AMEENAâ s suitability to simulate the impact of management practices such as filter strips and critical area planting was evaluated on plot (profile) scale and catchment scale simulations. Results of plot scale simulations were intuitive and the model proved more reasonable for these scenarios than did RUSLE2 and WEPP. The catchment scale study highlighted features of AMEENA that are not available in RUSLE2 and WEPP in terms of identifying erosion â hot spotsâ and the ability to utilize the explicit sediment flow path identification in locating best placement of off-site sediment control measures. Since AMEENA does not account for in-stream erosion processes, it is not suitable for simulating areas dominated by channel or gully erosion.
- Doctoral Dissertations