Testing for Changes in Trend in Water Quality Data
Darken, Patrick Fitzgerald
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Time Series of water quality variables typically possess many of several characteristics which complicate analysis. Of interest to researchers is often the trend over time of the water quality variable. However, sometimes water quality variable levels appear to increase or decrease monotonically for a period of time then switch direction after some intervention affects the factors which have a causal relationship with the level of the variable. Naturally, when analyzed for trend as a whole, these time series usually do not provide significant results. The problem of testing for a change in trend is addressed, and a method for perfoming this test based on a test of equivalence of two modified Kendall's Tau nonparametric correlation coefficients (neither necessarily equal to zero) is presented. The test is made valid for use with serially correlated data by use of a new bootstrap method titled the effective sample size bootstrap. Further issues involved in applying this test to water quality variables are also addressed.
- Doctoral Dissertations