Efficient Concurrent Operations in Spatial Databases
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As demanded by applications such as GIS, CAD, ecology analysis, and space research, efficient spatial data access methods have attracted much research. Especially, moving object management and continuous spatial queries are becoming highlighted in the spatial database area. However, most of the existing spatial query processing approaches were designed for single-user environments, which may not ensure correctness and data consistency in multiple-user environments. This research focuses on designing efficient concurrent operations on spatial datasets. Current multidimensional data access methods can be categorized into two types: 1) pure multidimensional indexing structures such as the R-tree family and grid file; 2) linear spatial access methods, represented by the Space-Filling Curve (SFC) combined with B-trees. Concurrency control protocols have been designed for some pure multidimensional indexing structures, but none of them is suitable for variants of R-trees with object clipping, which are efficient in searching. On the other hand, there is no concurrency control protocol designed for linear spatial indexing structures, where the one-dimensional concurrency control protocols cannot be directly applied. Furthermore, the recently designed query processing approaches for moving objects have not been protected by any efficient concurrency control protocols. In this research, solutions for efficient concurrent access frameworks on both types of spatial indexing structures are provided, as well as for continuous query processing on moving objects, for multiple-user environments. These concurrent access frameworks can satisfy the concurrency control requirements, while providing outstanding performance for concurrent queries. Major contributions of this research include: (1) a new efficient spatial indexing approach with object clipping technique, ZR+-tree, that outperforms R-tree and R+-tree on searching; (2) a concurrency control protocol, GLIP, to provide high throughput and phantom update protection on spatial indexing with object clipping; (3) efficient concurrent operations for indices based on linear spatial access methods, which form up the CLAM protocol; (4) efficient concurrent continuous query processing on moving objects for both R-tree-based and linear spatial indexing frameworks; (5) a generic access framework, Disposable Index, for optimal location update and parallel search.
- Doctoral Dissertations