Structure and Properties Of dimethacrylate-Styrene Resins and Networks
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Two different cure procedures were compared to assess the effects of conversion on the physical and mechanical properties. All mechanical properties investigated (i.e. fracture toughness, tensile strength, and microhardness) were dependent on the cure procedure. Materials cured at 140°C were harder, more brittle, had lower elongations and higher rubbery moduli than those cured at 25°C followed by a 93°C postcure. A maximum in the degree of conversion occurred with increasing polymerization temperature and can be explained by the competition between the chemical reaction and molecular mobility. The overall shrinkage per moles of vinyl groups converted was the same when the materials were cured at 25°C or 140°C. However, in the room temperature cured samples, there was essentially no further densification of the network during postcure, regardless of the postcure temperature. A mono-methacrylate analogue of the dimethacrylate terminated poly(hydroxyether) oligomer was synthesized and copolymerized with styrene to study the effects of chain transfer during elevated temperature reactions.
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