Robust Electric Power Infrastructures. Response and Recovery during Catastrophic Failures
Bretas, Arturo Suman
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This dissertation is a systematic study of artificial neural networks (ANN) applications in power system restoration (PSR). PSR is based on available generation and load to be restored analysis. A literature review showed that the conventional PSR methods, i.e. the pre-established guidelines, the expert systems method, the mathematical programming method and the petri-net method have limitations such as the necessary time to obtain the PSR plan. ANN may help to solve this problem presenting a reliable PSR plan in a smaller time. Based on actual and past experiences, a PSR engine based on ANN was proposed and developed. Data from the Iowa 162 bus power system was used in the implementation of the technique. Reactive and real power balance, fault location, phase angles across breakers and intentional islanding were taken into account in the implementation of the technique. Constraints in PSR as thermal limits of transmission lines (TL), stability issues, number of TL used in the restoration plan and lockout breakers were used to create feasible PSR plans. To compare the time necessary to achieve the PSR plan with another technique a PSR method based on a breadth-search algorithm was implemented. This algorithm was also used to create training and validation patterns for the ANN used in the scheme. An algorithm to determine the switching sequence of the breakers was also implemented. In order to determine the switching sequence of the breakers the algorithm takes into account the most priority loads and the final system configuration generated by the ANN. The PSR technique implemented is composed by several pairs of ANN, each one assigned to an individual island of the system. The restoration of the system is done in parallel in each island. After each island is restored the tie lines are closed. The results encountered shows that ANN based schemes can be used in PSR helping the operators restore the system under the stressful conditions following a blackout.
- Doctoral Dissertations