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dc.contributor.authorRiddick, Jaret Clevelanden_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:19:51Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:19:51Z
dc.date.issued2001-12-04en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-12062001-235025en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/29952
dc.description.abstractDiscussed is a numerical and experimental characterization of the response of small-scale fiber-reinforced composite cylinders constructed to represent a fuselage design whereby the crown and keel consist of one laminate stacking sequence and the two sides consist of another laminate stacking sequence. This construction is referred to as a segmented cylinder. The response to uniform axial endshortening is discussed. Numerical solutions for the nonlinear prebuckling, buckling, and postbuckling responses are compared to experimental results. Focus is directed at the investigation of two specific cylinder configurations, referred to as axially-stiff and circumferentially-stiff cylinders. Small-scale cylinders, each having a nominal radius of 5 in., were fabricated on a mandrel by splicing adjacent segments together to form 0.5 in. overlaps. Finite-element models of both cylinder configurations, including the overlap regions, are developed using the STAGS finite-element code. Perfectly circular cylinder models are considered, as are models which include the measured geometry of the specimens as an imperfection. Prebuckling predictions show that the segmented cylinder response is characterized by the existence of circumferential displacement, and an axial boundary layer accompanied by circumferential gradients in radial displacement. Experimental measurements, taken with strain gages and displacement transducers, confirm these numerical findings. As the endshortening approaches the critical, or buckling, values, the response of the cylinders is characterized by wrinkling in the axial direction. In the axially-stiff cylinder, the crown and keel segments wrinkle, while in the circumferentially-stiff cylinder the side segments wrinkle. Experimental images taken from Moire interferometry show this response in the circumferentially-stiff cylinder. Four methods are used to predict the buckling values of endshortening and load for both cylinders, and the four values are in good agreement. The experimentally-measured buckling conditions, however, show that the models overpredict buckling values. For the axially-stiff cylinder, the difference could be due to the fact material failure not included in the model plays a role in the cylinder response. For the circumferentially-stiff cylinder, the difference is definitely due to material failure characteristics not included in the model. The predicted postbuckling response of the segmented cylinders is shown to be dominated by the existence of inward dimples in some or all of the segments. For the axially-stiff cylinder, the as-predicted dimpled crown and keel configuration is observed in the experiment but at a load 12 percent below predicted values. For the circumferentially-stiff cylinder material failure in the linear prebuckling range of response triggered buckling that resembled the predicted circumferential rings of dimples, but at a load 31 percent below predictions. Finally, it is shown that the effect of including the measured imperfections in the model has little observable effect on the circumferentially-stiff cylinder. For the axially-stiff cylinder the inclusion of the imperfections is found to effect the transition from buckling to postbuckling, but ultimately has little effect on postbuckling deformations.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartETD.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectbucklingen_US
dc.subjectsegmented cylinderen_US
dc.subjectimperfectionsen_US
dc.subjectcompositesen_US
dc.subjectpostbucklingen_US
dc.subjectnonlinear responseen_US
dc.titlePrebuckling, Buckling, and Postbuckling Response of Segmented Circular Composite Cylindersen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentEngineering Science and Mechanicsen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEngineering Science and Mechanicsen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairHyer, Michael W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJohnson, Eric R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKriz, Ronald D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberInman, Daniel J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLibrescu, Liviuen_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-12062001-235025/en_US
dc.date.sdate2001-12-06en_US
dc.date.rdate2002-12-07
dc.date.adate2001-12-07en_US


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