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dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Joshua W.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:14:55Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:14:55Z
dc.date.issued2009-06-04en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-06082009-160017en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/38580
dc.description.abstractThe quorum-sensing response of Vibrio fischeri involves a complex network of genes (encoding regulatory proteins as well as sRNAs), that govern host-association and production of bioluminescence. A key regulator of this system is LuxR, which is the transcriptional activator of the lux operon as well as several other genes in. LuxR also autoregulates its own transcription, which we have shown causes bistability and hysteresis in the quorum-sensing response. This behavior allows the system to maintain a stable and robust response in the face of environmental fluctuation or decreases in external autoinducer concentration caused by other sources. There are many factors that are known to regulate luxR expression, including the ArcA redox-responsive regulator, the cAMP-CRP secondary metabolism regulator, and components of the quorum-sensing pathway like LitR. Because of this, LuxR levels are critical in both the timing of quorum-sensing induction, as well as the maintenance of the response over time. This makes it a potential target for multiple levels of regulation in response to factors such as environmental and metabolic conditions, as well as other components of the quorum-sensing network. Another important global regulatory protein in V. fischeri (and most other species of Gram-negative proteobacteria) is the post-transcriptional regulator CsrA. CsrA controls processes involved in carbon storage and utilization, as well as the transition from exponential to stationary phase growth. We have demonstrated that CsrA is regulated by two sRNAs (CsrB1 and CsrB2) in V. fischeri. Because CsrA regulates changes in cell behavior and is an important metabolic regulator, there is a good possibility that it has some interactions with the quorum-sensing regulon, whose endproduct, bioluminescence, creates a large metabolic demand from the cell. In an effort to determine at which point in the quorum-sensing regulatory network CsrA regulation is important, epistasis experiments were designed using factorial design, which is a subset of statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA). This method was used to generate a high degree of confidence in the data, so that even minor interactions in the regulatory networks could be established. By altering the levels of CsrA expression in various mutant strains of V. fischeri, we have demonstrated that CsrA acts by an unknown mechanism to increase the transcription of luxR when the quorum-sensing regulator LitR is absent. Our results also demonstrated that CsrA mediates this effect through repression of ArcA activity, which is known to act directly on the luxR and luxI intergenic region as a repressor. This indicates that CsrA may bypass the upstream parts of the quorum-sensing regulatory cascade that lead to litR activation, so that LitR and LuxR may be regulated differently in response to certain conditions. This work has shown that the interactions between global regulons can coordinately control the amount of quorum-sensing induction by affecting the level of LuxR in the cell. The balance of these regulatory networks allows the cell to tightly regulate the quorum-sensing response. Thus, LuxR serves as a critical regulatory hub in the cell, at which multiple signals can be integrated in order to generate the appropriate cellular response.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartJWWThesis6809.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectbistabilityen_US
dc.subjectquorum sensingen_US
dc.subjecthysteresisen_US
dc.subjectLuxRen_US
dc.subjectCsrAen_US
dc.titleMulti-tiered Regulation of luxR Provides Precise Timing and Maintenance of the Quorum Sensing Response of Vibrio fischerien_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentBiologyen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineBiologyen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairStevens, Ann M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPopham, David L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKulkarni, Rahul V.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLarson, Timothy J.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-06082009-160017/en_US
dc.date.sdate2009-06-08en_US
dc.date.rdate2009-06-18
dc.date.adate2009-06-18en_US


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