Fracture path transitions in peels tests of medium carbon steel spot welds
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Both partial and complete interfacial fracture occurred by intergranular fracture along prior austenite grain boundaries. Optical microscopy utilizing a tint etch indicated that austenite existed as films on prior austenite grain boundaries of samples tempered at less than 500 C and TEM confirmed that these films were austenite. Weld metal toughness was found to control the fracture path. If fracture initiation was delayed until the applied load caused plastic deformation of the coupons pulled button fracture occurred. Fracture initiation prior to plastic deformation of the coupons resulted in interfacial or partial interfacial fractures. A small secondary hardening peak was observed in samples tempered at 450 C. Secondary hardening, which normally results from alloy carbide precipitation, was due to AlN precipitation in this aluminum killed plain carbon steel.
- Doctoral Dissertations