Identifying Moderators of Resilience following Sexual Victimization: The Role of Resource Loss, Self-Efficacy and Social Support
Goel, Kathryn Schwartz
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Research suggests that the experience of sexual victimization leads to higher levels of psychopathology. It has been noted, however, that resource loss following the victimization, as opposed to the act of victimization itself, is the driving factor in adaptation following the victimization. The current study attempted to address the impact of resource loss following sexual victimization on resilience, as defined by a lack of psychology. In addition, the current study sought to gain a better understanding of the roles of social support and self-efficacy in this relationship. It is hypothesized that higher levels of resource loss following victimization will lead to lower levels of resilience. In addition, it is hypothesized that social support and self-efficacy will moderate this relationship. Data was collected using a female, undergraduate sample at Virginia Tech. Results indicated that total resource loss and personal characteristic loss were found to positively predict depression, anxiety and total psychopathology. It was also found to negatively predict school performance, and satisfaction with friends. Neither type of loss significantly predicted alcohol use, change in G.P.A., number of hookups and PTSD. No significant moderation was found for either social or support or self-efficacy. Implications of these results will be discussed.
- Doctoral Dissertations