The Correlated Dynamics of Micron-Scale Cantilevers in a Viscous Fluid
Robbins, Brian Alan
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A number of microcantilever systems of fundamental importance are explored using theoretical and numerical methods to quantify and provide physical insights into the dynamics of experimentally accessible systems that include a variety of configurations and viscous fluids. It is first shown that the correlated dynamics of both a laterally and vertically offset cantilever pair can be accurately predicted by numerical simulations. This is verified by comparing the correlated dynamics yielded by numerical simulations with experimental measurement. It is also demonstrated that in order to obtain these accurate predictions, geometric details of the cantilever must be included in the numerical simulation to directly reflect the experimental cantilever. A microrheology technique that utilizes the fluctuation-dissipation theorem is proposed. It is shown that by including the frequency dependence of the fluid damping, improvements in accuracy of the predictions of the rheological properties of the surrounding fluid are observed over current techniques. The amplitude spectrum of a 2-D cantilever in a power-law fluid is studied. The resulting amplitude spectrum yielded a curve similar to an overdamped system. It is observed that the amplitude and noise spectrum yield the same qualitative response for a 2-D cantilever in a shear thinning, power-law fluid. The correlated dynamics of a tethered vertically offset cantilever pair is investigated. It is shown that for a range of stiffness ratios, which is the ratio of the spring constant of the tethering relative to the cantilever spring constant, the change in the correlated dynamics of a Hookean spring tethered cantilever pair can be seen in the presence of fluid coupling. The dynamics of a spring-mass tethered, vertically offset cantilever pair is qualitatively studied by simplifying the model to an array of springs and masses. The resulting study found that the correlated dynamics of the displacement of mass of the tethered object yielded newly observed features and characteristics. It is shown that the curve shape of the cross-correlation of the displacement of the mass of the tethered object is similar to that of the auto-correlation of the displacement of the mass representing a step forced cantilever. The cross-correlation of the displacement of the mass of the tethered object, however, is found to be significantly more dependent on the stiffness ratio than the auto-correlation of the displacement of the mass representing a cantilever for t > 0. At t = 0, it is observed that the mass of the tethered object yields the same finite value for the cross-correlation for all studied values of the stiffness ratio. This characteristic is a result of the symmetry of the studied spring-mass system.
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