Optimal placement of piezoelectric actuators and polyvinylidene fluoride error sensors in active structural acoustic control approaches
Clark, Robert L.
Fuller, Chris R.
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Optimization of the location of a rectangular piezoelectric actuator and both the size and location of a rectangular surface strain error sensor constructed from polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) for active structural acoustic control (ASAC) is studied in this work. An algorithm is proposed for choosing the optimal actuator/sensor configuration for controlling sound from a baffled simply supported plate excited harmonically, and the resulting acoustic response is predicted from analytical models. These results are compared to those measured in the lab on a test rig duplicating the appropriate boundary conditions and situated in an anechoic chamber. Results from a single optimally located control actuator are compared to those from control with a nonoptimally positioned actuator as well as multiple control actuators. In addition, either microphones are used to provide error information in the test cases or a single optimally located and dimensioned PVDF error sensor is implemented as the cost function. Results from this study indicate that optimization of control actuators and error sensors provides a method for realizing adaptive structures for active structural acoustic control (ASAC), rivaling in importance the performance increases gained when acoustic control is achieved with microphone error sensors and multiple control actuators.