Recent Submissions

  • Pangolins in global camera trap data: Implications for ecological monitoring 

    Khwaja, Hannah; Buchan, Claire; Wearn, Oliver R.; Bahaa-el-din, Laila; Bantlin, Drew; Bernard, Henry; Bitariho, Robert; Bohm, Torsten; Borah, Jimmy; Brodie, Jedediah; Chutipong, Wanlop; du Preez, Byron; Ebang-Mbele, Alex; Edwards, Sarah; Fairet, Emilie; Frechette, Jackson L.; Garside, Adrian; Gibson, Luke; Giordano, Anthony; Gopi, Govindan Veeraswami; Granados, Alys; Gubbi, Sanjay; Harich, Franziska; Haurez, Barbara; Havmoller, Rasmus W.; Helmy, Olga; Isbell, Lynne A.; Jenks, Kate; Kalle, Riddhika; Kamjing, Anucha; Khamcha, Daphawan; Kiebou-Opepa, Cisquet; Kinnaird, Margaret; Kruger, Caroline; Laudisoit, Anne; Lynam, Antony; Macdonald, Suzanne E.; Mathai, John; Sienne, Julia Metsio; Meier, Amelia; Mills, David; Mohd-Azlan, Jayasilan; Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Nash, Helen C.; Ngoprasert, Dusit; Nguyen, An; O'Brien, Tim; Olson, David; Orbell, Christopher; Poulsen, John; Ramesh, Tharmalingam; Reeder, DeeAnn; Reyna, Rafael; Rich, Lindsey N.; Rode-Margono, Johanna; Rovero, Francesco; Sheil, Douglas; Shirley, Matthew H.; Stratford, Ken; Sukumal, Niti; Suwanrat, Saranphat; Tantipisanuh, Naruemon; Tilker, Andrew; Van Berkel, Tim; Van der Weyde, Leanne K.; Varney, Matthew; Weise, Florian; Wiesel, Ingrid; Wilting, Andreas; Wong, Seth T.; Waterman, Carly; Challender, Daniel W. S. (2019-10)
    Despite being heavily exploited, pangolins (Pholidota: Manidae) have been subject to limited research, resulting in a lack of reliable population estimates and standardised survey methods for the eight extant species. ...
  • Composition and Drivers of Gut Microbial Communities in Arctic-Breeding Shorebirds 

    Grond, Kirsten; Santo Domingo, Jorge W.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Jumpponen, Ari; Bentzen, Rebecca L.; Boldenow, Megan L.; Brown, Stephen C.; Casler, Bruce; Cunningham, Jenny A.; Doll, Andrew C.; Freeman, Scott; Hill, Brooke L.; Kendall, Steven J.; Kwon, Eunbi; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; Pirie-Dominix, Lisa; Rausch, Jennie; Sandercock, Brett K. (2019-10-09)
    Gut microbiota can have important effects on host health, but explanatory factors and pathways that determine gut microbial composition can differ among host lineages. In mammals, host phylogeny is one of the main drivers ...
  • Papillomavirus in Wildlife 

    Frias-De-Diego, Alba; Jara, Manuel; Escobar, Luis E. (2019-10-25)
    Papillomaviruses (PV) are associated with epithelial malignancies in animals, including cancer in humans. Limited knowledge exists regarding the evolutionary history of non-human PV. We assessed the phylogeography of PV ...
  • Visual encounters on line transect surveys under-detect carnivore species: Implications for assessing distribution and conservation status 

    Fragoso, Jose M. V.; Goncalves, Fernando; Oliveira, Luiz F. B.; Overman, Han; Levi, Taal; Silvius, Kirsten M. (2019-10-30)
    We compared the distribution and occurrence of 15 carnivore species with data collected monthly over three years by trained native trackers using both sign surveys and an encounter-based, visual-distance method in a ...
  • Listeria monocytogenes at the human-wildlife interface: black bears (Ursus americanus) as potential vehicles for Listeria 

    Parsons, Cameron; Niedermeyer, Jeff; Gould, Nicholas; Brown, Phillip; Strules, Jennifer; Parsons, Arielle W.; Mesa-Cruz, J. Bernardo; Kelly, Marcella J.; Hooker, Michael J.; Chamberlain, Michael J.; Olfenbuttel, Colleen; DePerno, Christopher; Kathariou, Sophia (2019-11)
    Listeria monocytogenes is the causative agent of the foodborne illness listeriosis, which can result in severe symptoms and death in susceptible humans and other animals. L. monocytogenes is ubiquitous in the environment ...
  • Revisiting the Hewlett and Hibbert (1963) Hillslope Drainage Experiment and Modeling Effects of Decadal Pedogenic Processes and Leaky Soil Boundary Conditions 

    Lee, Raymond M.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Strahm, Brian D.; Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Jackson, C. Rhett; Stewart, Ryan D. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-10-22)
    Subsurface flow dominates water movement from hillslopes to streams in most forested headwater catchments. Hewlett and Hibbert (1963, https://doi.org/10.1029/JZ068i004p01081) constructed an idealized hillslope model (0.91 ...
  • Floodplain land cover affects biomass distribution of fish functional diversity in the Amazon River 

    Arantes, Caroline C.; Winemiller, Kirk O.; Asher, Alex; Castello, Leandro; Hess, Laura L.; Petrere, Miguel, Jr.; Freitas, Carlos E. C. (2019-11-13)
    Land-cover change often shifts the distribution of biomass in animal communities. However, the effects of land-cover changes on functional diversity remain poorly understood for many organisms and ecosystems, particularly, ...
  • Estimating IUCN Red List population reduction: JARA-A decision-support tool applied to pelagic sharks 

    Sherley, Richard B.; Winker, Henning; Rigby, Cassandra L.; Kyne, Peter M.; Pollom, Riley; Pacoureau, Nathan; Herman, Katelyn; Carlson, John K.; Yin, Jamie S.; Kindsvater, Holly K.; Dulvy, Nicholas K. (2019-11)
    The International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) Red List is the global standard for quantifying extinction risk but assessing population reduction (criterion A) of wide-ranging, long-lived marine taxa remains ...
  • Scaling participation in payments for ecosystem services programs 

    Sorice, Michael G.; Donlan, Josh C.; Boyle, Kevin J.; Xu, Weibin; Gelcich, Stefan (PLOS, 2018-03-09)
    Payments for ecosystem services programs have become common tools but most have failed to achieve wide-ranging conservation outcomes. The capacity for scale and impact increases when PES programs are designed through the ...
  • Perspective: Climate Change and the Relocation of Indonesia’s Capital to Borneo 

    Van de Vuurst, Paige; Escobar, Luis E. (Frontiers Media, 2020-01-30)
    Indonesia has recently announced the relocation of the country’s capital from the island of Java to the island of Borneo. Java’s limited sustainability is evident from extreme deforestation, biodiversity loss, intense road ...
  • International meeting on sarcoptic mange in wildlife, June 2018, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA 

    Astorga, Francisca; Carver, Scott; Almberg, Emily S.; Sousa, Giovane R.; Wingfield, Kimberly; Niedringhaus, Kevin D.; Van Wick, Peach; Rossi, Luca; Xie, Yue; Cross, Paul; Anglone, Samer; Gortázar, Christian; Escobar, Luis E. (BMC, 2018)
    Sarcoptic mange is a globally distributed disease caused by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei, which also causes scabies in humans. A wide and increasing number of wild mammal species are reported to be susceptible to ...
  • Ecological niche modeling re-examined: A case study with the Darwin’s fox 

    Escobar, Luis E.; Qiao, Huijie; Cabello, Javier (Wiley, 2018)
    Many previous studies have attempted to assess ecological niche modeling performance using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) approaches, even though diverse problems with this metric have been pointed out in the ...
  • Domestic horses within the Maya biosphere reserve: A possible threat to the Central American tapir (Tapirus bairdii) 

    Lepe-López, Manuel; García-Anleu, Rony; Fountain-Jones, Nicholas M.; Ponce, Gabriela; Gonzalez, Mariano; Escobar, Luis E. (Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2018)
    The Central American tapir (Tapirus bairdii) is the largest herbivore in the Neotropics classified as “endangered.” It has been proposed that Equine Infectious Anemia virus (EIA) is a disease of horses with potential to ...
  • Optimizing genomic selection for blight resistance in American chestnut backcross populations: A trade‐off with American chestnut ancestry implies resistance is polygenic 

    Westbrook, Jared W.; Zhang, Qian; Mandal, Mihir K.; Jenkins, Eric V.; Barth, Laura E.; Jenkins, Jerry W.; Grimwood, Jane; Schmutz, Jeremy; Holliday, Jason A. (Wiley, 2019-10-02)
    American chestnut was once a foundation species of eastern North American forests, but was rendered functionally extinct in the early 20th century by an exotic fungal blight (Cryphonectria parasitica). Over the past 30 ...
  • Lamb performance in hardwood silvopastures, II: animal behavior in summer 

    Pent, Gabriel J.; Greiner, Scott P.; Munsell, John F.; Tracy, Benjamin F.; Fike, John H. (Oxford University Press, 2019-11-25)
    Integrating trees into pastures, a practice known as silvopasture, may benefit livestock in the summertime through the provision of shade. The purpose of this project was to compare the behavioral patterns of sheep grazing ...
  • Residency, recruitment, and stopover duration of hatch-year Roseate Terns (Sterna dougallii) during the premigratory staging period 

    Davis, Kayla L.; Karpanty, Sarah M.; Spendelow, Jeffrey A.; Cohen, Jonathan B.; Althouse, Melissa A.; Parsons, Katherine C.; Luttazi, Cristin F.; Catlin, Daniel H.; Gibson, Daniel (Resilience Alliance, 2019)
    Seabird demography and spatial distribution outside of the breeding season are poorly understood, and migratory stopover and staging sites represent important energetic bottlenecks during the avian annual cycle. We quantified ...
  • Carnivore–livestock conflicts in Chile: evidence and methods for mitigation 

    Rodriguez, Valeska; Poo-Muñoz, Daniela A.; Escobar, Luis E.; Astorga, Francisca; Medina-Vogel, Gonzalo (Berryman Institute, 2019)
    Human population growth and habitat loss have exacerbated human–wildlife conflicts worldwide. We explored trends in human–wildlife conflicts (HWCs) in Chile using scientific and official reports to identify areas and species ...
  • A Comparison of Geospatial Methods for Tree Canopy Assessment: A Case Study of an Urbanized College Campus 

    Hwang, Won; Wiseman, P. Eric (2019-04-03)
    Urban tree canopy (UTC) assessment is essential for understanding the structure and function of urban forests and devising management strategies. Geospatial techniques are routinely utilized for UTC assessment, yet their ...
  • Household survey of tree debris recycling practices and consumer interest in products crafted from local wood sources 

    Wiseman, P. Eric; Schmitt-Harsh, Mikaela (2019-03-01)
    Thousands of trees are lost in urban areas of Virginia each year to land development, storms, and pests. As a result, large volumes of tree debris, much of which is suitable for high-value wood products, are streaming out ...

View more