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dc.contributor.authorDelaney, Patrick Prescotten_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-24T07:00:46Z
dc.date.available2015-12-24T07:00:46Z
dc.date.issued2014-07-01en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:3072en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/64353
dc.description.abstractWith the introduction of welfare reform in 1996 – the culmination of Bill Clinton's campaign promise to 'end welfare as we know it' – means-tested cash assistance became conditional upon participation in the labor market. The current welfare program Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) is dependent on recipients being able to find work, typically in the low-wage service sector. In addition, this reform handed the states considerable autonomy in TANF's implementation and administration. The literature, citing increased caseworker discretion and state-level policies, has also shown substantial evidence of favorable treatment toward white recipients (e.g. less sanctioning) compared with that of blacks and Hispanics. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1997 cohort, this study examines the impact of TANF before and during the Great Recession of 2008 by comparing socioeconomic outcomes among TANF recipients and similarly situated 'non-entrants' with an added focus on racial disparities in these outcome measures. Also, the role of state-level policy context is explored by assessing employment, income, and healthcare coverage outcomes among white, black, and Hispanic recipients living in states whose TANF policies are comparatively strict. Main findings include a significantly negative relationship between TANF participation and socioeconomic outcomes when controlling for relevant factors. No evidence was found, however, linking state TANF policy strictness with decreased socioeconomic outcomes among program participants.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this Item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectwelfareen_US
dc.subjectTANFen_US
dc.subjectpovertyen_US
dc.subjectraceen_US
dc.subjectthe Great Recessionen_US
dc.titleWorkfare and the Great Recession: Socioeconomic Outcomes among Black, White, and Hispanic Mothers in the Era of Work-First Welfareen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSociologyen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSociologyen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairWimberley, Dale W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGraves, Ellington T.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSmith, Barbaraen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberZhu, Haiyanen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCook, Samuel R.en_US


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