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dc.contributor.authorLin, Ying-Tsenen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-24T06:00:24Z
dc.date.available2016-03-24T06:00:24Z
dc.date.issued2014-09-30en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:3678en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/64980
dc.description.abstractOn-board the International Space Station (ISS), the Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS) is a suite of limb-scanning monitors taking measurements from the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) to the near infrared (NIR). A single-scattering Rayleigh model is developed to eliminate the scattered brightness below 90 km and an inversion technique is applied on limb-scanned radiance profiles at 236.5 nm, NO (0,1) gamma band. The ISS orbit allows observations from 7:00 to 16:00 local hours over a one-month period from mid-June to mid-July of 2010 and observation of the local-time variation of NO abundance in the lower thermosphere is derived. The uniquely stable solar activity during 2010 allows the local time variation of NO to be observed with limited influence of solar variability. The comparison with a 1D model shows good agreement at altitude above 120 km, suggesting that most of the local time variation of NO is due to solar illumination, radiation, chemistry, and vertical diffusion. Solar soft X-ray is the major driver of the variability observed in the ionospheric and thermospheric constituents at the equatorial region. Over the years measurements in these wavelengths are scarce and discrepancies lie among the existing data. The Solar Aspect Monitor (SAM) is a pinhole camera on the Extreme-ultraviolet Variability Experiment (EVE) flying on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). Every 10 seconds SAM projects the solar disk onto the CCD through a metallic filter designed to allow only solar photons shortward of 7 nm to pass. Contamination from energetic particles and out-of-band irradiance is, however, present. The broadband (BB) technique is developed for isolating the 0.1 to 7 nm integrated irradiance to produce broadband irradiance. The results agree with the zeroth-order product from the EUV SpectroPhotometer (ESP) with 25% regardless of solar activity level. Active regions in the solar atmosphere are tracked by the Apertural Progression Procedure for Light Estimate (APPLE). The photon event detection (PED) algorithm takes both BB and APPLE results as prior information to extract in-band photons. Applications of the PED products, including solar feature studies and spectral resolved irradiance, are demonstrated.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this Item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectsolar irradianceen_US
dc.subjectsoft X-rayen_US
dc.subjectimage processingen_US
dc.subjectnitric oxideen_US
dc.subjectthermosphereen_US
dc.titleComparison and Investigation of Solar Spectral Irradiance with Solar Aspect Monitoren_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical and Computer Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineElectrical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairBailey, Scott M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMinschwaner, Kenneth R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHsiao, Michael S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberScales, Wayne A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEarle, Gregory D.en_US


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