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dc.contributor.authorShively, Gerald E.
dc.contributor.authorFisher, M.M.
dc.coverage.spatialThe Philippines
dc.coverage.temporal1994 - 2003
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-19T18:55:25Z
dc.date.available2016-04-19T18:55:25Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier954
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics 86(5): 1361-1366
dc.identifier.issn0002-9092
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/65852
dc.descriptionMetadata only record
dc.description.abstractThe study examined the links between labor market opportunities and deforestation by jointly estimating a system of labor share equations for forest clearing, on-farm production, and off-farm employment. Findings reveal strong price effects in labor-allocation decisions. The negative cross-price term for off-farm returns in the forest clearing equation indicates that labor can be drawn away from the forest through price incentives in the off-farm sector, consistent with patterns observed in Nepal, Malawi, and elsewhere in the Philippines. The results also show that tenure security and current levels of borrowing are negatively correlated with the forest labor share. These findings suggest policies to reduce deforestation should focus on increasing returns to off-farm employment, strengthening rural credit markets, and ensuring farmers have secure tenure over existing agricultural land.
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.rightsCopyright 2004 American Agricultural Economics Association
dc.subjectLivelihoods
dc.subjectDeforestation
dc.subjectDeforestation
dc.subjectSystems approach
dc.subjectThe Philippines
dc.subjectGovernance
dc.titleSmallholder labor and deforestation: A systems approach
dc.typeAbstract
dc.description.notesSysCoor-5 (Policy and Governance)
dc.type.dcmitypeText


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