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dc.contributor.authorPaudel, B.
dc.contributor.authorRadovich, T.J.K.
dc.contributor.authorHalbrendt, Jacqueline
dc.contributor.authorThapa, K.
dc.coverage.spatialMiddle Hills
dc.coverage.spatialNepal
dc.coverage.spatialHonolulu
dc.coverage.spatialHawaii
dc.coverage.temporal2012 - 2012
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-19T20:29:37Z
dc.date.available2016-04-19T20:29:37Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier5779
dc.identifier.citationPresented at the 24th Annual University of Hawaii at Manoa’s College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources and College of Engineering Student Research Symposium, Honolulu, HI 13-14 April 2012
dc.identifier.other5779_Poster_CTHAR_2012_Bikash.pptx
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/69989
dc.description.abstractTraditional agriculture in central mid hills of Nepal is characterized by cultivation of steep sloping lands, resulting lower productivity, degradation of soil health and reduction of livelihood options. The Sustainable Management of Agro-ecological Resources in Tribal Societies (SMARTS) project applied a participatory agro-ecological framework to develop improved conservation practices (CAPs) to contribute to sustainable livelihood of Chepang tribal people in central Nepal. CAPs were identified by a multidisciplinary research and extension team in collaboration with farmers. Selected CAPs included: Legume cover crop (cowpea), legume millet intercrop with full tillage and same intercrop with strip tillage. Data on crop yields was collected through systematically designed randomized-block design established in 24 farmers’ fields at three villages. Land equivalency ratio (LER), total protein yield, total carbohydrate yield and farm revenue was compared among different treatments. LER for yield in the millet-cowpea intercrop with full tillage was significantly higher (20%) than sole crops. The major gain is attributed to cowpea, which produced 75 percent of its sole crop yield even in intercropping. The CAPs were found to significantly increase protein yield per square meter, but not carbohydrate yield and revenue generation. However, the seasonal revenue generated from winter crops by all CAPs were significantly higher than millet sole crop. While the long-term effects of CAPs on soil and environmental health remains to be analyzed, these results provide evidence on potential of CAPs to increase yield and contribute to food security while sustaining agro-ecosystem function long-term.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/vnd.ms-powerpoint
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherHonolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management
dc.subjectIndigenous community
dc.subjectFood security
dc.subjectConservation
dc.subjectEconomic impacts
dc.subjectFarming systems
dc.subjectAgriculture
dc.subjectConservation agriculture
dc.subjectFood security
dc.subjectAgriculture
dc.subjectEconomic impacts
dc.subjectIndigenous communities
dc.subjectKhola Gaun
dc.subjectHyrakrang
dc.subjectThumka
dc.subjectPokhara
dc.subjectNepal
dc.subjectMiddle Hills
dc.subjectSteep sloping lands
dc.subjectParticipatory framework
dc.subjectSeasonal revenue
dc.subjectYield
dc.subjectAgro-ecosystem function
dc.subjectFarm/Enterprise Scale
dc.titlePotential of conservation agriculture practices (CAPs) in enhancing food security of tribal people in central mid-hills of Nepal
dc.typePoster
dc.description.notesLTRA-11 (CAPS among tribal societies in India and Nepal)
dc.type.dcmitypeText


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