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dc.contributor.authorGuo, Xien
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-22T06:00:24Zen
dc.date.available2016-06-22T06:00:24Zen
dc.date.issued2014-12-29en
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:4177en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/71393en
dc.description.abstractOrganoboron compounds have shown a wide variety of applications in both organic synthesis and the pharmaceutical field in the past decades. Transition metal-catalyzed boration of unsaturated compounds has been studied extensively as an efficient method to install C-B bonds. Most of the previous examples employed symmetrical diboron reagents such as B₂(pin)₂ (pin = pinacolate) and B₂(cat)₂ (cat = catecholate). There are, however, limited examples of boration using unsymmetrical diboron reagents. This dissertation discloses two transition metal-catalyzed borations of unsaturated compounds with unsymmetrical diboron compounds. A Cu-catalyzed β-boration of electrophilic allenoates with a novel sp²-sp³ hybridized diboron reagent (PDIPA) is described. This unsymmetrical diboron reagent is preactivated and allows the boration to go smoothly under mild reaction conditions. The reaction provides β-borylated β,γ- unsaturated esters with exclusive (Z)-double bond geometry. These borylated products are useful intermediates for subsequent Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction. In order to install two C-B bonds in one reaction, a Pt-catalyzed diboration of allenes with a differentially protected diboron reagent (PDAN) is presented. This unsymmetrical diboron reagent is prepared from the sp²-sp³ hybridized diboron compound, and it reacts with a series of 1,1- disubstituted allenes chemo- and regioselectively. Steric control ensures that both boryl moieties add to the terminal double bond, and the pinacol boronate preferentially attaches to the sp-hybridized carbon. The bis-boronyl products can be further converted to other functional groups as well as cross-coupling reactions. A collaborative project with Department of Physics and Department of Chemical Engineering is also discussed. In this project, a series of 𝑜-nitrobenzyl ligands containing a disulfide group as the anchor to gold surfaces are synthesized. The 𝑜-nitrobenzyl group uncages an amine upon photoexcitation. Attempts to make a water soluble analog failed, however, the mixture of methanol and water as the solvent was sufficient to attach them on gold surfaces.en
dc.format.mediumETDen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectdiboron compoundsen
dc.subjectconjugate additionen
dc.subjectdiborationen
dc.subjecto-nitrobenzyl ligandsen
dc.titleThe development and applications of unsymmetrical diboron compoundsen
dc.typeDissertationen
dc.contributor.departmentChemistryen
dc.description.degreePh. D.en
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen
dc.contributor.committeechairSantos, Webster L.en
dc.contributor.committeememberEtzkorn, Felicia A.en
dc.contributor.committeememberKingston, David G. I.en
dc.contributor.committeememberTanko, James M.en


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