Destination Areas, along with related, smaller-scale Strategic Growth Areas, provide faculty and students with new tools to identify and solve complex, 21st-century problems in which Virginia Tech already has significant strengths and can take a global leadership role. The initiative represents the next step in the evolution of the land-grant university to meet economic and societal needs of the world.

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  • Diminished single-stimulus response in vmPFC to favorite people in children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder 

    Kishida, Kenneth T.; De Asis-Cruz, Josepheen; Treadwell-Deering, Diane; Liebenow, Brittany; Beauchamp, Michael S.; Montague, P. Read (2019-07)
    From an early age, individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) spend less time engaged in social interaction compared to typically developing peers (TD). One reason behind this behavior may be that the brains of children ...
  • Primed for Health: Future Thinking Priming Decreases Delay Discounting 

    Shevorykin, Mina; Pittman, Jami C.; Bickel, Warren K.; O'Connor, Richard J.; Malhotra, Ria; Prashad, Neelam; Sheffer, Christine E. (2019-07)
    Objective: Delay discounting, the propensity to devalue delayed rewards, has robust predictive validity for multiple health behaviors and is a new therapeutic target for health behavior change. Priming can influence behaviors ...
  • Same influenza vaccination strategies but different outcomes across US cities? 

    Taylor, Claudia; Marathe, Achla; Beckman, Richard (International Society for Infectious Diseases, 2010-09)
    Objectives: This research aimed to determine if the same influenza vaccination strategies would have the same level of effectiveness when applied to two different US metropolitan areas, Miami and Seattle, where the composition ...
  • First case of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase in Klebsiella pneumoniae from Ecuador: An update for South America 

    Romero-Alvarez, Daniel; Reyes, Jorge; Quezada, Viviana; Satan, Carolina; Cevallos, Nelson; Barrera, Sofia; Trueba, Gabriel; Escobar, Luis E.; Villacis, Jose E. (International Society for Infectious Diseases, 2017-12)
    Objectives: To describe a clinical case of Klebsiella pneumoniae harboring a New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM) plasmid in Ecuador and to present a map of reports of NDM isolates in South America. Methods: The modified ...
  • Campylobacter jejuni - An emerging foodborne pathogen 

    Altekruse, Sean Fitzgerald; Stern, NJ; Fields, PI; Swerdlow, DL (1999-01)
    Campylobacter jejuni is the most commonly reported bacterial cause of foodborne infection in the United States. Adding to the human and economic costs are chronic sequelae associated with C. jejuni infection-Guillain-Barre ...
  • Mycobacterial aerosols and respiratory disease 

    Falkinham, Joseph O., III (2003-07)
    Environmental opportunistic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium avium, M. terrae, and the new species M. immunogenum, have been implicated in outbreaks of hypersensitivity pneumonitis or respiratory problems in a wide ...
  • Public, animal, and environmental health implications of aquaculture 

    Garrett, ES; dosSantos, CL; Jahncke, Michael L. (1997-10)
    Aquaculture is important to the United States and the world's fishery system. Both import and export markets for aquaculture products will expand and increase as research begins to remove physiologic and other animal ...
  • Threat of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome to field biologists working with small mammals 

    Kelt, Douglas A.; Van Vuren, Dirk H.; Hafner, Mark S.; Danielson, Brent J.; Kelly, Marcella J. (2007-09)
    Low risk for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) has been reported among biologists engaged in fieldwork with rodents. The overall probability of acquiring HPS when working with rodents appears to be 1 in 1,412 (0.00071). ...
  • Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Household Plumbing as Possible Cause of Chronic Rhinosinusitis 

    Tichenor, Wellington S.; Thurlow, Jennifer; McNulty, Steven; Brown-Elliott, Barbara A.; Wallace, Richard J., Jr.; Falkinham, Joseph O., III (2012-10)
    Symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) often persist despite treatment. Because nontuberculous nnycobacteria (NTM) are resistant to commonly used antimicrobial drugs and are found in drinking water that patients may use ...
  • Mycobacterium avium in Community and Household Water, Suburban Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, 2010-2012 

    Lande, Leah; Alexander, David C.; Wallace, Richard J., Jr.; Kwait, Rebecca; Iakhiaeva, Elena; Williams, Myra; Cameron, Andrew D. S.; Olshefsky, Stephen; Devon, Ronit; Vasireddy, Ravikiran; Peterson, Donald D.; Falkinham, Joseph O., III (2019-03)
    Attention to environmental sources of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection is a vital component of disease prevention and control. We investigated MAC colonization of household plumbing in suburban Philadelphia, ...
  • Household-Level Spatiotemporal Patterns of Incidence of Cholera, Haiti, 2011 

    Blackburn, Jason K.; Diamond, Ulrica; Kracalik, Ian T.; Widmer, Jocelyn; Brown, Will; Morrissey, B. David; Alexander, Kathleen A.; Curtis, Andrew J.; Ali, Afsar; Morris, J. Glenn, Jr. (2014-09)
    A cholera outbreak began in Haiti during October, 2010. Spatiotemporal patterns of household-level cholera in Ouest Department showed that the initial clusters tended to follow major roadways; subsequent clusters occurred ...
  • Stretchable sensors for environmental monitoring 

    Yang, Yang; Deng, Zhiqun Daniel (2019-03)
    The development of flexible and stretchable sensors has been receiving increasing attention in recent years. In particular, stretchable, skin-like, wearable sensors are desirable for a variety of potential applications ...
  • D-cycloserine-augmented one-session treatment of specific phobias in children and adolescents 

    Farrell, Lara J.; Waters, Allison M.; Oar, Ella L.; Tiralongo, Evelin; Garbharran, Vinay; Alston-Knox, Clair; McConnell, Harry; Collings, Nigel; Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie; Donovan, Caroline L.; Testa, Chris; Storch, Eric A.; Ollendick, Thomas H. (2018-06)
    Background: D-Cycloserine has potential to enhance exposure therapy outcomes. The current study presents a preliminary randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind pilot trial of DCS-augmented one-session treatment (OST) ...
  • Natural, incidental, and engineered nanomaterials and their impacts on the Earth system 

    Hochella, Michael F., Jr.; Mogk, David W.; Ranville, James; Allen, Irving C.; Luther, George W.; Marr, Linsey C.; McGrail, B. Peter; Murayama, Mitsu; Qafoku, Nikolla P.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Sahai, Nita; Schroeder, Paul A.; Vikesland, Peter; Westerhoff, Paul; Yang, Yi (2019-03-29)
    Nanomaterials are critical components in the Earth system's past, present, and future characteristics and behavior. They have been present since Earth's origin in great abundance. Life, from the earliest cells to modern ...
  • Cognitive barriers during monitoring-based commissioning of buildings 

    Harris, Nora; Shealy, Tripp; Parrish, Kristen; Granderson, Jessica (2019-04)
    Monitoring-based commissioning (MBCx) is a continuous building energy management process used to optimize energy performance in buildings. Although monitoring-based commissioning (MBCx) can reduce energy waste by up to ...
  • Repetitive Head Impact Exposure in College Football Following an NCAA Rule Change to Eliminate Two-A-Day Preseason Practices: A Study from the NCAA-DoD CARE Consortium 

    Stemper, Brian D.; Shah, Alok S.; Harezlak, Jaroslaw; Rowson, Steven; Duma, Stefan M.; Mihalik, Jason P.; Riggen, Larry D.; Brooks, Alison; Cameron, Kenneth L.; Giza, Christopher C.; Houston, Megan N.; Jackson, Jonathan; Posner, Matthew A.; McGinty, Gerald; DiFiori, John; Broglio, Steven P.; McAllister, Thomas W.; McCrea, Michael (Biomedical Engineering Society, 2019-08-06)
    Repetitive head impact exposure sustained by athletes of contact sports has been hypothesized to be a mechanism for concussion and a possible explanation for the high degree of variability in sport-related concussion ...
  • Self-Stabilizing Transpiration in Synthetic Leaves 

    Shi, Weiwei; Vieitez, Joshua R.; Berrier, Austin S.; Roseveare, Matthew W.; Surinach, Daniel A.; Srijanto, Bernadeta R.; Collier, C. Patrick; Boreyko, Jonathan B. (2019-04-10)
    Over the past decade, synthetic trees have been engineered to mimic the transpiration cycle of natural plants, but the leaves are prone to dry out beneath a critical relative humidity. Here, we create large-area synthetic ...
  • Global expansion and redistribution of Aedes-borne virus transmission risk with climate change 

    Ryan, Sadie J.; Carlson, Colin J.; Mordecai, Erin A.; Johnson, Leah R. (PLOS, 2019-03)
    Forecasting the impacts of climate change on Aedes-borne viruses, especially dengue, chikungunya, and Zika is a key component of public health preparedness. We apply an empirically parameterized model of viral transmission ...
  • Using Hyperspectral and Multispectral Indices to Detect Water Stress for an Urban Turfgrass System 

    Badzmierowski, Mike J.; McCall, David S.; Evanylo, Gregory (MDPI, 2019-08-08)
    Spectral reflectance measurements collected from hyperspectral and multispectral radiometers have the potential to be a management tool for detecting water and nutrient stress in turfgrass. Hyperspectral radiometers collect ...

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