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Destination Areas, along with related, smaller-scale Strategic Growth Areas, provide faculty and students with new tools to identify and solve complex, 21st-century problems in which Virginia Tech already has significant strengths and can take a global leadership role. The initiative represents the next step in the evolution of the land-grant university to meet economic and societal needs of the world.

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  • Connectivity: insights from the US Long Term Ecological Research Network 

    Iwaniec, David M.; Gooseff, Michael; Suding, Katharine N.; Samuel Johnson, David; Reed, Daniel C.; Peters, Debra P. C.; Adams, Byron; Barrett, John E.; Bestelmeyer, Brandon T.; Castorani, Max C. N.; Cook, Elizabeth M.; Davidson, Melissa J.; Groffman, Peter M.; Hanan, Niall P.; Huenneke, Laura F.; Johnson, Pieter T. J.; McKnight, Diane M.; Miller, Robert J.; Okin, Gregory S.; Preston, Daniel L.; Rassweiler, Andrew; Ray, Chris; Sala, Osvaldo E.; Schooley, Robert L.; Seastedt, Timothy; Spasojevic, Marko J.; Vivoni, Enrique R. (2021-05)
    Ecosystems across the United States are changing in complex and surprising ways. Ongoing demand for critical ecosystem services requires an understanding of the populations and communities in these ecosystems in the future. ...
  • Prolonged epigenomic and synaptic plasticity alterations following single exposure to a psychedelic in mice 

    de la Fuente Revenga, Mario; Zhu, Bohan; Guevara, Christopher A.; Naler, Lynette B.; Saunders, Justin M.; Zhou, Zirui; Toneatti, Rudy; Sierra, Salvador; Wolstenholme, Jennifer T.; Beardsley, Patrick M.; Huntley, George W.; Lu, Chang; González-Maso, Javier (Cell Press, 2021-10-19)
    Clinical evidence suggests that rapid and sustained antidepressant action can be attained with a single exposure to psychedelics. However, the biological substrates and key mediators of psychedelics’ enduring action remain ...
  • Integrated assessment modeling reveals near-channel management as cost-effective to improve water in watersheds 

    Hansen, Amy T.; Campbell, Todd; Cho, Se Jong; Czuba, Jonathan A.; Dalzell, Brent J.; Dolph, Christine L.; Hawthorne, Peter L.; Rabotyagov, Sergey; Lang, Zhengxin; Kumarasamy, Karthik; Belmont, Patrick; Finlay, Jacques C.; Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi; Gran, Karen B.; Kling, Catherine L.; Wilcock, Peter (2021-07-13)
    Despite decades of policy that strives to reduce nutrient and sediment export from agricultural fields, surface water quality in intensively managed agricultural landscapes remains highly degraded. Recent analyses show ...
  • Multi-Species Genomics-Enabled Selection for Improving Agroecosystems Across Space and Time 

    Wolfe, Marnin D.; Jannink, Jean-Luc; Kantar, Michael B.; Santantonio, Nicholas (2021-06-23)
    Plant breeding has been central to global increases in crop yields. Breeding deserves praise for helping to establish better food security, but also shares the responsibility of unintended consequences. Much work has been ...
  • Leveraging the NEON Airborne Observation Platform for socio-environmental systems research 

    Ordway, Elsa M.; Elmore, Andrew J.; Kolstoe, Sonja; Quinn, John E.; Swanwick, Rachel; Cattau, Megan; Taillie, Dylan; Guinn, Steven M.; Chadwick, K. Dana; Atkins, Jeff W.; Blake, Rachael E.; Chapman, Melissa; Cobourn, Kelly; Goulden, Tristan; Helmus, Matthew R.; Hondula, Kelly; Hritz, Carrie; Jensen, Jennifer; Julian, Jason P.; Kuwayama, Yusuke; Lulla, Vijay; O'Leary, Donal; Nelson, Donald R.; Ocon, Jonathan P.; Pau, Stephanie; Ponce-Campos, Guillermo E.; Portillo-Quintero, Carlos; Pricope, Narcisa G.; Rivero, Rosanna G.; Schneider, Laura; Steele, Meredith; Tulbure, Mirela G.; Williamson, Matthew A.; Wilson, Cyril (2021-06)
    During the 21st century, human-environment interactions will increasingly expose both systems to risks, but also yield opportunities for improvement as we gain insight into these complex, coupled systems. Human-environment ...
  • Gradients of Anthropogenic Nutrient Enrichment Alter N Composition and DOM Stoichiometry in Freshwater Ecosystems 

    Wymore, Adam S.; Johnes, Penny J.; Bernal, Susana; Brookshire, E. N. Jack; Fazekas, Hannah M.; Helton, Ashley M.; Argerich, Alba; Barnes, Rebecca T.; Coble, Ashley A.; Dodds, Walter K.; Haq, Shahan; Johnson, Sherri L.; Jones, Jeremy B.; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Kortelainen, Pirkko; Lopez-Lloreda, Carla; Rodriguez-Cardona, Bianca M.; Spencer, Robert G. M.; Sullivan, Pamela L.; Yates, Christopher A.; McDowell, William H. (2021-08)
    A comprehensive cross-biome assessment of major nitrogen (N) species that includes dissolved organic N (DON) is central to understanding interactions between inorganic nutrients and organic matter in running waters. Here, ...
  • Mixed reality based environment for learning sensing technology applications in construction 

    Ogunseiju, Omobolanle O.; Akanmu, Abiola A.; Bairaktarova, Diana (2021-11)
    With the growing rate of adoption of sensing technologies in the construction industry, there is an increased need for technically skilled workforce to successfully deploy these technologies on construction projects. ...
  • Sex and region-specific effects of variable stress on microglia morphology 

    Tsyglakovaa, Mariya; Huskey, Alisa M.; Hurst, Emily H.; Telep, Natalie M.; Wilding, Mary C.; Babington, Meghan E.; Rainville, Jennifer R.; Hodes, Georgia E. (Elsevier, 2021-11-06)
    Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a common and debilitating mood disorder that is more prevalent in women than men. In humans, PET imaging of microglia activation is currently being explored as a potential biomarker of ...
  • The Influence of Southwestern Virginia Environmental Conditions on the Potential Ability of Haemaphysalis longicornis, Amblyomma americanum, and Amblyomma maculatum to Overwinter in the Region 

    Whitlow, Amanda Marie; Schürch, Roger; Mullins, Donald; Eastwood, Gillian (MDPI, 2021-11-06)
    Ticks are susceptible to environmental conditions and, to ensure survival during winter conditions, they adopt a wide variety of physiological and behavioral adaptations including utilization of a suitable niche with ...
  • Transcriptional Changes in Pearl Millet Leaves under Heat Stress 

    Huang, Dejun; Sun, Min; Zhang, Ailing; Chen, Jishan; Zhang, Jian; Lin, Chuang; Zhang, Huan; Lu, Xiaowen; Wang, Xiaoshan; Yan, Haidong; Tang, Jianan; Huang, Linkai (MDPI, 2021-10-28)
    High-temperature stress negatively affects the growth and development of plants, and therefore threatens global agricultural safety. Cultivating stress-tolerant plants is the current objective of plant breeding programs. ...
  • Age-Related Intrinsic Functional Connectivity Changes of Locus Coeruleus from Childhood to Older Adults 

    Song, Inuk; Neal, Joshua; Lee, Tae-Ho (MDPI, 2021-11-10)
    The locus coeruleus is critical for selective information processing by modulating the brain’s connectivity configuration. Increasingly, studies have suggested that LC controls sensory inputs at the sensory gating stage. ...
  • Effect of Collaboration Mode and Position Arrangement on Immersive Analytics Tasks in Virtual Reality: A Pilot Study 

    Chen, Lei; Liang, Hai-Ning; Lu, Feiyu; Wang, Jialin; Chen, Wenjun; Yue, Yong (MDPI, 2021-11-08)
    [Background] Virtual reality (VR) technology can provide unique immersive experiences for group users, and especially for analytics tasks with visual information in learning. Providing a shared control/view may improve the ...
  • Designing a Block Cipher in Galois Extension Fields for IoT Security 

    George, Kiernan; Michaels, Alan J. (MDPI, 2021-11-05)
    This paper focuses on a block cipher adaptation of the Galois Extension Fields (GEF) combination technique for PRNGs and targets application in the Internet of Things (IoT) space, an area where the combination technique ...
  • Challenging Gender and Disability Stereotypes: Narrative Identities of Brazilian Female Paralympians 

    Kirakosyan, Lyusyena (MDPI, 2021-11-04)
    The purpose of this narrative inquiry is two-fold: first, to illuminate the views and experiences of Brazilian female Paralympians that helped shape their narrative identities, and second, to develop a better understanding ...
  • Tracking a Surrogate Hazardous Agent (Rhodamine Dye) in a Coastal Ocean Environment Using In Situ Measurements and Concentration Estimates Derived from Drone Images 

    Filippi, Margaux; Hanlon, Regina; Rypina, Irina I.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Peacock, Thomas; Schmale, David G. (MDPI, 2021-11-02)
    New tools and technology are needed to track hazardous agents such as oil and red tides in our oceans. Rhodamine dye (a surrogate hazardous agent) was released into the Atlantic ocean in August 2018, and experiments were ...
  • Ecology of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria 

    Falkinham, Joseph O. (MDPI, 2021-10-30)
    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are opportunistic human pathogens that are widespread in the human environment. In fact, NTM surround humans. The basis for their widespread presence in soils and natural and human-engineered ...
  • The Chesapeake Bay program modeling system: Overview and recommendations for future development 

    Hood, Raleigh R.; Shenk, Gary W.; Dixon, Rachel L.; Smith, Sean M. C.; Ball, William P.; Bash, Jesse O.; Batiuk, Rich; Boomer, Kathy; Brady, Damian C.; Cerco, Carl; Claggett, Peter; de Mutsert, Kim; Easton, Zachary M.; Elmore, Andrew J.; Friedrichs, Marjorie A. M.; Harris, Lora A.; Ihde, Thomas F.; Lacher, Lara; Li, Li; Linker, Lewis C.; Miller, Andrew; Moriarty, Julia; Noe, Gregory B.; Onyullo, George E.; Rose, Kenneth; Skalak, Katie; Tian, Richard; Veith, Tamie L.; Wainger, Lisa; Weller, Donald; Zhang, Yinglong Joseph (2021-09-15)
    The Chesapeake Bay is the largest, most productive, and most biologically diverse estuary in the continental United States providing crucial habitat and natural resources for culturally and economically important species. ...
  • Conservation agriculture can help the South American Andean region achieve food security 

    Barrera, Victor H.; Delgado, Jorge A.; Alwang, Jeffrey R. (2021-09-15)
    The Andean region of Ecuador is dominated by small-scale agriculture on steep slopes vulnerable to erosion, soil degradation, and subsequent productivity loss. Soil erosion rates exceed the average rate of soil formation ...
  • Social distancing and epidemic resurgence in agent-based susceptible-infectious-recovered models 

    Mukhamadiarov, Ruslan; Deng, Shengfeng; Serrao, Shannon R.; Priyanka; Nandi, Riya; Yao, Louie Hong; Tauber, Uwe C. (Nature Research, 2021-01-08)
    Once an epidemic outbreak has been effectively contained through non-pharmaceutical interventions, a safe protocol is required for the subsequent release of social distancing restrictions to prevent a disastrous resurgence ...
  • Introducing a K-12 Mechatronic NIME Kit 

    Tsoukalas, Kyriakos D.; Bukvic, Ivica Ico (ACM, 2018-06)
    The following paper introduces a new mechatronic NIME kit that uses new additions to the Pd-L2Ork visual programing environment and its K-12 learning module. It is designed to facilitate the creation of simple mechatronics ...

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