Destination Areas provide faculty and students with new tools to identify and solve complex, 21st-century problems in which Virginia Tech already has significant strengths and can take a global leadership role. The initiative represents the next step in the evolution of the land-grant university to meet economic and societal needs of the world. DAs connect the full span of relevant knowledge necessary for addressing issues comprehensively. Humanistic, scientific, and technological perspectives are addressed in relationship to one another and they are treated as complementary to overcome traditional academic boundaries, such as those that separate the STEM fields and liberal arts. [http://provost.vt.edu/destination-areas.html]

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Recent Submissions

  • BCG vaccine protection from severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) 

    Esboar, Luis E.; Molina-Cruz, Alvaro; Barillas-Mury, Carolina (National Academy of Sciences, 2020-06-09)
    A series of epidemiological explorations has suggested a negative association between national bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination policy and the prevalence and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). ...
  • Assessment of Ketamine and Its Enantiomers in an Organophosphate-Based Rat Model for Features of Gulf War Illness 

    Zhu, Jackie; Hawkins, Elisa; Phillips, Kristin; Deshpande, Laxmikant S. (MDPI, 2020-06-30)
    Approximately 33% of U.S. soldiers from the first Gulf War suffer from a multi-system disorder known as the Gulf War Illness (GWI). GW veterans suffer from a cluster of symptoms that prominently include fatigue and can ...
  • How Hydrologic Connectivity Regulates Water Quality in River Corridors 

    Harvey, Jud; Gomez-Velez, Jesus; Schmadel, Noah; Scott, Durelle T.; Boyer, Elizabeth; Alexander, Richard; Eng, Ken; Golden, Heather; Kettner, Albert; Konrad, Chris; Moore, Richard; Pizzuto, Jim; Schwarz, Greg; Soulsby, Chris; Choi, Jay (2019-04)
    Downstream flow in rivers is repeatedly delayed by hydrologic exchange with off-channel storage zones where biogeochemical processing occurs. We present a dimensionless metric that quantifies river connectivity as the ...
  • A predictive analytics model for differentiating between transient ischemic attacks (TIA) and its mimics 

    Stanciu, Alia; Banciu, Mihai; Sadighi, Alireza; Marshall, Kyle A.; Holland, Neil R.; Abedi, Vida; Zand, Ramin (2020-06-18)
    Abstract Background Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a brief episode of neurological dysfunction resulting from cerebral ischemia not associated with permanent cerebral infarction. TIA is associated with high diagnostic ...
  • Small Ponds in Headwater Catchments Are a Dominant Influence on Regional Nutrient and Sediment Budgets 

    Schmadel, Noah M.; Harvey, Judson W.; Schwarz, Gregory E.; Alexander, Richard B.; Gomez-Velez, Jesus D.; Scott, Durelle T.; Ator, Scott W. (2019-08-28)
    Small ponds-farm ponds, detention ponds, or impoundments below 0.01 km(2)-serve important human needs throughout most large river basins. Yet the role of small ponds in regional nutrient and sediment budgets is essentially ...
  • Shark movement strategies influence poaching risk and can guide enforcement decisions in a large, remote marine protected area 

    Jacoby, David M. P.; Ferretti, Francesco; Freeman, Robin; Carlisle, Aaron B.; Chapple, Taylor K.; Curnick, David J.; Dale, Jonathan J.; Schallert, Robert J.; Tickler, David; Block, Barbara A. (British Ecological Society, 2020-05-12)
    Large, remote marine protected areas (MPAs) containing both reef and pelagic habitats, have been shown to offer considerable refuge to populations of reef‐associated sharks. Many large MPAs are, however, impacted by illegal ...
  • Precision mapping of snail habitat provides a powerful indicator of human schistosomiasis transmission 

    Wood, Chelsea L.; Sokolow, Susanne H.; Jones, Isabel J.; Chamberlin, Andrew J.; Lafferty, Kevin D.; Kuris, Armand M.; Jocque, Merlijn; Hopkins, Skylar; Adams, Grant; Buck, Julia C.; Lund, Andrea J.; Garcia-Vedrenne, Ana E.; Fiorenza, Evan; Rohr, Jason R.; Allan, Fiona; Webster, Bonnie; Rabone, Muriel; Webster, Joanne P.; Bandagny, Lydie; Ndione, Raphael; Senghor, Simon; Schacht, Anne-Marie; Jouanard, Nicolas; Riveau, Gilles; De Leo, Giulio A. (2019-11-12)
    Recently, the World Health Organization recognized that efforts to interrupt schistosomiasis transmission through mass drug administration have been ineffective in some regions; one of their new recommended strategies for ...
  • Formalizing Human Machine Communication in the Context of Autonomous Vehicles 

    Gopalswamy, Swaminathan; Saripalli, Srikanth; Shell, Dylan; Hickman, Jeff; Hsu, Ya-Chuan (SAFE-D: Safety Through Disruption National University Transportation Center, 2020-05)
    There are many situations where tacit communication between drivers and pedestrians governs and enhances safety. The goal of this study was to formalize this communication and apply it to the driving strategy of an autonomous ...
  • Standardized Performance Evaluation of Vehicles with Automated Capabilities 

    Basantis, Alexis; Harwood, Leslie; Doerzaph, Zachary; Neurauter, Luke (SAFE-D: Safety Through Disruption National University Transportation Center, 2019-12)
    Advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) are becoming widely available in the new vehicle landscape, increasing of both vehicle occupants’ and other road users’ safety. In some vehicles, longitudinal and lateral positioning ...
  • Can indoor sports centers be allowed to re-open during the COVID-19 pandemic based on a certificate of equivalence? 

    Blocken, B.; van Druenen, T.; van Hooff, T.; Verstappen, P. A.; Marchal, T.; Marr, Linsey C. (Elsevier, 2020-05-31)
    Within a time span of only a few months, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has managed to spread across the world. This virus can spread by close contact, which includes large droplet spray and inhalation of microscopic droplets, and ...
  • Filtration evaluation and clinical use of expired elastomeric P-100 filter cartridges during the COVID-19 pandemic 

    Patolia, Harsh H.; Pan, Jin; Harb, Charbel; Marr, Linsey C.; Baffoe-Bonnie, Anthony W. (Cambridge University Press, 2020-05-27)
    To the Editor—The limited supply of more conventional disposable personal protective equipment (PPE), namely single-use N95 filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs), among hospital systems in the United States during the ...
  • Spontaneous necrotizing granuloma of the cerebellum: a case report 

    Godbe, Kerilyn N.; Saway, Brian F.; Guilliams, Evin L.; Entwistle, John J.; Jarrett, Robert W. (2020-06-05)
    Abstract Background Intracranial necrotizing granulomatous space-occupying lesions are sparsely reported in literature. Variability in presenting symptomatology and radiographic features makes diagnostic work-up ...
  • Forest genomics: Advancing climate adaptation, forest health, productivity, and conservation 

    Isabel, Nathalie; Holliday, Jason A.; Aitken, Sally N. (2020-01)
    Forest ecosystems provide important ecological services and resources, from habitat for biodiversity to the production of environmentally friendly products, and play a key role in the global carbon cycle. Humanity is ...
  • Opportunities from citizen science for shark conservation, with a focus on the Mediterranean Sea 

    Bargnesi, F.; Lucrezi, S.; Ferretti, Francesco (2020-01-01)
    The Mediterranean Sea is a hotspot for shark conservation. A decline in large pelagic shark populations has been observed in this vast region over the last 50 years and a lack of data on the local population status of ...
  • A Case of Cachexia Secondary to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 

    Gosnell, Hailey L.; Kablinger, Anita S. (Hindawi, 2020-05-27)
    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a relatively common psychiatric illness, is diagnosed using DSM-V criteria. Its severity is assessed using the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS). Symptoms are broken down ...
  • IIHCC Newsletter, April 2020 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2020-04)
    Each issue of the IIHCC newsletter quickly highlights research, curriculum, facilities, and outreach efforts aligning with the University’s Beyond Boundaries initiative. The newsletters also contain updates regarding ...
  • IIHCC Newsletter, February 2020 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2020-02)
    Each issue of the IIHCC newsletter quickly highlights research, curriculum, facilities, and outreach efforts aligning with the University’s Beyond Boundaries initiative. The newsletters also contain updates regarding ...
  • On market concentration and cybersecurity risk 

    Geer, Dan; Jardine, Eric; Leverett, Eireann (Taylor & Francis, 2020-02-24)
    Market concentration affects each component of the cybersecurity risk equation (i.e. threat, vulnerability and impact). As the Internet ecosystem becomes more concentrated across a number of vectors from users and incoming ...
  • The PATRIC Bioinformatics Resource Center: expanding data and analysis capabilities 

    Davis, James J.; Wattam, Alice R.; Aziz, Ramy K.; Brettin, Thomas; Butler, Ralph; Butler, Rory M.; Chlenski, Philippe; Conrad, Neal; Dickerman, Allan; Dietrich, Emily M.; Gabbard, Joseph L.; Gerdes, Svetlana; Guard, Andrew; Kenyon, Ronald W.; Machi, Dustin; Mao, Chunhong; Murphy-Olson, Dan; Nguyen, Marcus; Nordberg, Eric K.; Olsen, Gary J.; Olson, Robert D.; Overbeek, Jamie C.; Overbeek, Ross; Parrello, Bruce; Pusch, Gordon D.; Shukla, Maulik; Thomas, Chris; VanOeffelen, Margo; Vonstein, Veronika; Warren, Andrew S.; Xia, Fangfang; Xie, Dawen; Yoo, Hyunseung; Stevens, Rick (2020-01-08)
    The PathoSystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC) is the bacterial Bioinformatics Resource Center funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (https://www.patricbrc.org). PATRIC supports ...
  • How feasible are global forest restoration commitments? 

    Fagan, Matthew E.; Reid, J. Leighton; Holland, Margaret B.; Drew, Justin G.; Zahawi, Rakan A. (2020-01-16)
    Numerous countries have made voluntary commitments to conduct forest landscape restoration over millions of hectares of degraded land in the coming decade. We consider the relative likelihood these countries will achieve ...

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