Education-Related Laws from the Perspective of Kuwaiti Official Influencers: An Exploratory Study
Alazmi, Ayeshah Ahmed
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This study seeks to explore and describe education-related laws in Kuwait with respect to the broader context of educational law. Employing a methodical, qualitative approach, data were collected using semi-structured interviews with twelve Kuwaiti official influencers that included parliamentary members, ex-Minsters of Education, and directors of general education. Interviews were conducted to generate insights regarding the nature and extent of the existing education- related laws in Kuwait. In addition, the interviews delved into the process surrounding the formation and implementation of education-related laws, and the influences that can affect them. Lastly, data from the interviews identified areas for improvement in Kuwait's education-related law. During the interview process, measures were taken to ascertain the credibility and dependability of the results obtained. Data were analyzed and validated using thematic analysis for reduction and identification of essential themes. Five main themes emerged from the data analysis: (a) the characteristics of education-related laws; (b) the problems in forming education- related laws; (c) the obstacles hindering implementation of education-related laws; (d) the strong influence of actors on education-related laws; and (c) the need for more effective education- related laws. For each theme two sub-categories were also developed. The findings of this study demonstrate that education-related laws play a vital role in structuring, and the monitoring of, the educational system in Kuwait. Moreover, findings illustrate the absence of, and critical need for, an authority to evaluate existing education-related laws. In addition, the lack of stakeholder participation, or the influence of scientific research, in creating education policy became evident. The analysis of the research data determined that actors, both official and unofficial, affecting education-related laws included legislators, Ministers of Education, the judiciary, local and international professional association representatives, parents, and the media. Furthermore, there is evidence suggests that policymakers must become more aware of the important role stakeholders should play in the formation of education-related laws and the need for building capacity to develop, implement and evaluate education-related laws. In addition, findings show the need for new education- related laws to ensure that teacher, student, and parent rights are protected. Perhaps most importantly, this study reveals the necessity for the State to create a long-term strategic vision regarding education policy that is free from the whims of the Minister of Education, to provide continuity and stability in the growth of the Kuwaiti educational system.
- Doctoral Dissertations