VTechWorks staff will be away for the Memorial Day holiday on Monday, May 27, and will not be replying to requests at that time. Thank you for your patience.
Predictive Turbulence Modeling with Bayesian Inference and Physics-Informed Machine Learning
MetadataShow full item record
Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations are widely used for engineering design and analysis involving turbulent flows. In RANS simulations, the Reynolds stress needs closure models and the existing models have large model-form uncertainties. Therefore, the RANS simulations are known to be unreliable in many flows of engineering relevance, including flows with three-dimensional structures, swirl, pressure gradients, or curvature. This lack of accuracy in complex flows has diminished the utility of RANS simulations as a predictive tool for engineering design, analysis, optimization, and reliability assessments. Recently, data-driven methods have emerged as a promising alternative to develop the model of Reynolds stress for RANS simulations. In this dissertation I explore two physics-informed, data-driven frameworks to improve RANS modeled Reynolds stresses. First, a Bayesian inference framework is proposed to quantify and reduce the model-form uncertainty of RANS modeled Reynolds stress by leveraging online sparse measurement data with empirical prior knowledge. Second, a machine-learning-assisted framework is proposed to utilize offline high-fidelity simulation databases. Numerical results show that the data-driven RANS models have better prediction of Reynolds stress and other quantities of interest for several canonical flows. Two metrics are also presented for an a priori assessment of the prediction confidence for the machine-learning-assisted RANS model. The proposed data-driven methods are also applicable to the computational study of other physical systems whose governing equations have some unresolved physics to be modeled.
- Doctoral Dissertations