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dc.contributor.authorCanterbury, Theodore Richarden_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-01T07:00:34Z
dc.date.available2018-12-01T07:00:34Z
dc.date.issued2017-06-08
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:11540en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/86198
dc.description.abstractThe production of hydrogen fuel via solar water splitting is an important carbon-neutral strategy for the development of renewable resources and has sparked great interest in the scientific community. Hydrogen production efficiencies for supramolecular photocatalysts of the architecture [{(TL)2Ru(BL)}2RhX2]5+ (BL=bridging ligand, TL=terminal ligand, X=halide) are among the highest reported in deoxygenated organic solvents, but do not function in air-saturated aqueous solution due to quenching of the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) excited-state under these conditions. Herein, we report the groundbreaking use of polyelectrolytes to increase efficiency of supramolecular photocatalysts in solar hydrogen production schemes under aqueous aerobic conditions. The new photocatalytic system incorporates poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) into aqueous solutions containing [{(bpy)2Ru(dpp)}2RhCl2]5+ (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, dpp = 2,3-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrazine). PSS has a profound impact on photocatalyst efficiency, increasing hydrogen production over three times that of deoxygenated aqueous solutions alone. Hydrogen photocatalysis proceeds even under aerobic conditions for PSS containing solutions, an exciting consequence for solar hydrogen production research. Thermodynamics of binding due to intermolecular interactions between Ru,Rh,Ru photocatalysts and polyelectrolytes was probed using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). ITC studies reveal the driving forces of aggregate formation, providing new insight into the intermolecular forces that lead to increased photocatalytic efficiency and stability in the presence of water soluble polymers. Synthesis and characterization of a novel supramolecular photocatalyst having hydrophilic terminal ligands are reported. Addition of sulfonated terminal ligands into a Ru,Rh,Ru photocatalyst has a significant impact on the excited-state properties of the complex. The new complex demonstrates increased solubility and hydrogen production efficiency in aqueous solutions. Hydrogen production is observed even under aerobic conditions for the new complex, a stark contrast to the hydrophobic analog in organic solvents. The synthesis, characterization, and electropolymerization of a chromophore-catalyst assembly having vinyl-substituted terminal ligands to create robust water reduction photocatalysts on wide-bandgap semiconductors is reported. The polymeric photocatalysts are expected to show increased stability over a wide pH range and increased photostability compared to chromophore-catalyst assemblies that employ carboxylic or phosphonic acid groups to adsorb the photoreactive catalyst to the metal oxide surface.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectsupramolecular complexesen_US
dc.subjectrutheniumen_US
dc.subjectrhodiumen_US
dc.subjectpolyazineen_US
dc.subjectphotocatalysten_US
dc.subjectpolyelectrolyteen_US
dc.subjecthydrogen productionen_US
dc.subjectsolar energyen_US
dc.subjectphotochemistryen_US
dc.titleImproving Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production of Ru,Rh,Ru Supramolecular Complexes in Aerobic Aqueous Solutionsen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentChemistryen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairMoore, Robert Bowenen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGibson, Harry W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDeck, Paul A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberArachchige, Shamindri Meetiyamullaen_US


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