A Workload-aware Resource Management and Scheduling System for Big Data Analysis
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The big data era has driven the needs for data analysis in every aspect of our daily lives. With the rapid growth of data size and complexity of data analysis models, modern big data analytic applications face the challenge to provide timely results often with limited resources. Such demand drives the growth of new hardware resources including GPUs and FPGAs, as well as storage devices such as SSDs and NVMs. It is challenging to manage the resources available in a cost restricted environment to best serve the applications with different characteristics. Extant approaches are agnostic to such heterogeneity in both underlying resources and workloads and require user knowledge and manual configuration for best performance. In this dissertation, we design, and implement a series of novel techniques, algorithms, and frameworks, to realize workload-aware resource management and scheduling. We demonstrate our techniques for efficient resource management across memory resource for in-memory data analytic platforms, processing resources for compute-intensive machine learning applications, and finally we design and develop a workload and heterogeneity-aware scheduler for general big data platforms. The dissertation demonstrates that designing an effective resource manager requires efforts from both application and system side. The presented approach makes and joins the efforts on both sides to provide a holistic heterogeneity-aware resource manage and scheduling system. We are able to avoid task failure due to resource unavailability by workload-aware resource management, and improve the performance of data processing frameworks by carefully scheduling tasks according to the task characteristics and utilization and availability of the resources.
- Doctoral Dissertations