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dc.contributor.authorLorenzo, Melvin F.en
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Sean C.en
dc.contributor.authorKani, Yukitakaen
dc.contributor.authorHinckley, Jonathanen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Matthewen
dc.contributor.authorAdler, Joyen
dc.contributor.authorVerbridge, Scotten
dc.contributor.authorHsu, Fang-Chien
dc.contributor.authorRobertson, John L.en
dc.contributor.authorDavalos, Rafael V.en
dc.contributor.authorRossmeisl, John H.en
dc.identifier.citationLorenzo, M.F.; Thomas, S.C.; Kani, Y.; Hinckley, J.; Lee, M.; Adler, J.; Verbridge, S.S.; Hsu, F.-C.; Robertson, J.L.; Davalos, R.V.; Rossmeisl, J.H., Jr. Temporal Characterization of Blood–Brain Barrier Disruption with High-Frequency Electroporation. Cancers 2019, 11, 1850.en
dc.description.abstractTreatment of intracranial disorders suffers from the inability to accumulate therapeutic drug concentrations due to protection from the blood–brain barrier (BBB). Electroporation-based therapies have demonstrated the capability of permeating the BBB, but knowledge of the longevity of BBB disruption (BBBD) is limited. In this study, we quantify the temporal, high-frequency electroporation (HFE)-mediated BBBD in an in vivo healthy rat brain model. 40 male Fisher rats underwent HFE treatment; two blunt tipped monopolar electrodes were advanced into the brain and 200 bursts of HFE were delivered at a voltage-to-distance ratio of 600 V/cm. BBBD was verified with contrast enhanced T1W MRI (gadopentetate dimeglumine) and pathologically (Evans blue dye) at time points of 1, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h after HFE. Contrast enhanced T1W scans demonstrated BBBD for 1 to 72 h after HFE but intact BBB at 96 h. Histologically, tissue damage was restricted to electrode insertion tracks. BBBD was induced with minimal muscle contractions and minimal cell death attributed to HFE. Numerical modeling indicated that brief BBBD was induced with low magnitude electric fields, and BBBD duration increased with field strength. These data suggest the spatiotemporal characteristics of HFE-mediated BBBD may be modulated with the locally applied electric field.en
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.titleTemporal Characterization of Blood–Brain Barrier Disruption with High-Frequency Electroporationen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.contributor.departmentBiomedical Engineering and Mechanicsen
dc.contributor.departmentSmall Animal Clinical Sciencesen
dc.contributor.departmentBiomedical Engineering and Sciencesen

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International