A Meta-Analysis of Soccer Injuries on Artificial Turf and Natural Grass

dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Jay H.en
dc.contributor.authorAkogyrem, Emmanuelen
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Jeremy R.en
dc.contributor.departmentHuman Nutrition, Foods, and Exerciseen
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-16T19:59:01Zen
dc.date.available2017-01-16T19:59:01Zen
dc.date.issued2013en
dc.description.abstractThe goal of this investigation was to determine if playing or training on third-generation artificial turf (AT) surfaces increases the incidence rate of injuries compared to natural grass (NG) surfaces. This was accomplished by a meta-analysis performed on previously published research. Eight studies met the criteria of competitive soccer players, participation on both surfaces, and presentation of both exposure time and injury occurrence. Exposure time and injury incidence values were used to generate injury rate ratios (IRRs, AT/NG) for all injuries as well as specific injuries. Subgroup analyses were also performed by condition (match or training), gender, and age (youth or adult). The overall IRR was 0.86 (P < 0.05) suggesting a lower injury risk on AT than NG. However, there was considerable heterogeneity between studies. Analyses of individual injuries and subgroups found that in many cases IRR values were significantly less than 1.0. In no case was the IRR significantly greater than 1.0. Based on this, it appears that the risk of sustaining an injury on AT under some conditions might be lowered compared to NG. However, until more is known about how issues such as altered playing styles affect injury incidence, it is difficult to make firm conclusions regarding the influence of AT on player safety.en
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.citationJay H. Williams, Emmanuel Akogyrem, and Jeremy R. Williams, “A Meta-Analysis of Soccer Injuries on Artificial Turf and Natural Grass,” Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 380523, 6 pages, 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/380523en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1155/2013/380523en
dc.identifier.issn2356-7651en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/74347en
dc.identifier.volume2013en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urihttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26464877en
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2013 Jay H. Williams et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titleA Meta-Analysis of Soccer Injuries on Artificial Turf and Natural Grassen
dc.title.serialJournal of Sports Medicineen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.typeReviewen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Techen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/CALS T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/Human Nutrition, Foods, & Exerciseen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Facultyen
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