Exploring the Absorption Spectra of an Ultra-Wideband Metamaterial Absorber in the Visible and Near-Infrared Regions
This paper investigates the absorption spectra of a plasmonic metamaterial absorber in the visible and near-infrared regimes by utilizing a metal-dielectric-metal (MDM) functional stack. A periodic metal-dielectric cap is introduced on top of a metallic substrate to excite surface plasmon modes. The shape of this cap and the glass coating modifies the absorbance bandwidth. Although the circular cap exhibits less broadening in the absorbance than the square one, the circular cap’s glass coating boosts the bandwidth’s expansion in the near-infrared region to about 1.65 µm. In the visible and near-infrared regimes, absorption bandwidth and spectral ratio can be tailored by modifying four distinct structural parameters. The finding shows that one can achieve an ultra-broad bandwidth that extends from 0.3 µm to 1.65 µm at 90% absorbance. The thickness of the top titanium layer, the silicon dioxide spacer thickness, the Ti-SiO2 cap diameter, and the sliver substrate pitch are selected to be 20 nm, 60 nm, 215 nm, and 235 nm, respectively. Furthermore, the influence of using various metals on absorption spectra has been explored in the visible and near-infrared regimes. The d metals considered for the top layer are titanium, nickel, chromium, silver, copper, gold, aluminum, and gold.