Combating Spring Frost With Ethylene

dc.contributor.authorLiu, Jianyangen
dc.contributor.authorSherif, Sherif M.en
dc.contributor.departmentVirginia Agricultural Experiment Stationen
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-03T17:44:49Zen
dc.date.available2020-02-03T17:44:49Zen
dc.date.issued2019-10-30en
dc.description.abstractThe sustainable fruit production in temperate and boreal regions is often imperiled by spring frosts. The risk of frost damage and the resulting economic losses have been increasing in the recent years as a result of the global climate change. Among the many approaches in mitigating frost damages, an ethylene-based compound, ethephon has proven to be effective in delaying bloom time in many fruit species and, thereby, avoid frost damage. However, effective concentrations of ethephon are often associated with harmful effects on fruit trees, which largely limit its use. Relatively, limited research attention has been given to understand the mechanisms underlying this ethylene-mediated bloom delay, thus hindering the progress in exploring its potential in frost protection. Recent advances in omics and bioinformatics have facilitated the identification of critical molecular and biochemical pathways that govern the progression of bud dormancy in deciduous woody perennials. In this review, we summarized our current understanding of the function of ethylene and its interaction with other networks in modulating dormancy and blooming in temperate fruit trees. Some possible mechanisms are also proposed that might potentially guide future studies attempting to decipher the dormancy regulation or searching for methods to alleviate frost damages.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors are grateful for the funding to SS from The Virginia Agricultural Council (#449846), The Virginia Apple Research Program (#459952), and the VT's Open Access Subvention Fund.en
dc.format.extent6 pagesen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.citationLiu J and Sherif SM (2019) Combating Spring Frost With Ethylene. Front. Plant Sci. 10:1408. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.01408en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01408en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/96684en
dc.identifier.volume10en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherFrontiersen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectspring frosten
dc.subjecttemperate fruitsen
dc.subjectdeciduous woody perennialsen
dc.subjectbud dormancyen
dc.subjecthormone signallingen
dc.subjectethyleneen
dc.titleCombating Spring Frost With Ethyleneen
dc.title.serialFrontiers in Plant Scienceen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
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