A Beacon in the Galaxy: Updated Arecibo Message for Potential FAST and SETI Projects


An updated, binary-coded message has been developed for transmission to extraterrestrial intelligences in the Milky Way galaxy. The proposed message includes basic mathematical and physical concepts to establish a universal means of communication followed by information on the biochemical composition of life on Earth, the Solar System’s time-stamped position in the Milky Way relative to known globular clusters, as well as digitized depictions of the Solar System, and Earth’s surface. The message concludes with digitized images of the human form, along with an invitation for any receiving intelligences to respond. Calculation of the optimal timing during a given calendar year is specified for potential future transmission from both the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope in China and the SETI Institute’s Allen Telescope Array in northern California to a selected region of the Milky Way which has been proposed as the most likely location for life to have developed. These powerful new beacons, the successors to the Arecibo radio telescope which transmitted the 1974 message upon which this expanded communication is in part based, can carry forward Arecibo’s legacy into the 21st century with this equally well-constructed communication from Earth’s technological civilization.



galaxy, interstellar, radio message, civilization, earth, binary, radio telescope


Jiang, J.H.; Li, H.; Chong, M.; Jin, Q.; Rosen, P.E.; Jiang, X.; Fahy, K.A.; Taylor, S.F.; Kong, Z.; Hah, J.; Zhu, Z.-H. A Beacon in the Galaxy: Updated Arecibo Message for Potential FAST and SETI Projects. Galaxies 2022, 10, 55.