Trends in HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

dc.contributor.authorMokdad, Ali H.en
dc.contributor.authorEl Bcheraoui, Charbelen
dc.contributor.authorWang, Haidongen
dc.contributor.authorCharara, Raghiden
dc.contributor.authorKhalil, Ibrahimen
dc.contributor.authorMoradi-Lakeh, Maziaren
dc.contributor.authorAfshin, Ashkanen
dc.contributor.authorCollison, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorDaoud, Farahen
dc.contributor.authorChew, Adrienneen
dc.contributor.authorKrohn, Kristopher J.en
dc.contributor.authorCarter, Austinen
dc.contributor.authorForeman, Kyle J.en
dc.contributor.authorHe, Feien
dc.contributor.authorKassebaum, Nicholas J.en
dc.contributor.authorKutz, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorMirarefin, Mojdeen
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Granten
dc.contributor.authorSilpakit, Narisen
dc.contributor.authorSligar, Amberen
dc.contributor.authorAbajobir, Amanuel Alemuen
dc.contributor.authorAbate, Kalkidan Hassenen
dc.contributor.authorAbbas, Kaja M.en
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Allah, Foaden
dc.contributor.authorAbera, Semaw Feredeen
dc.contributor.authorAdane, Kelemeworken
dc.contributor.authorAgarwal, Arnaven
dc.contributor.authorKiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmaden
dc.contributor.authorAhmadi, Alirezaen
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, Muktar Beshiren
dc.contributor.authorAl Lami, Faris Hasanen
dc.contributor.authorAlam, Khurshiden
dc.contributor.authorAlasfoor, Deenaen
dc.contributor.authorAlizadeh-Navaei, Rezaen
dc.contributor.authorAl-Maskari, Fatmaen
dc.contributor.authorAl-Raddadi, Rajaaen
dc.contributor.authorAltirkawi, Khalid A.en
dc.contributor.authorAlvis-Guzman, Nelsonen
dc.contributor.authorAmmar, Waliden
dc.contributor.authorAnber, Nahlaen
dc.contributor.authorAntonio, Carl Abelardo T.en
dc.contributor.authorAnwari, Palwashaen
dc.contributor.authorAsayesh, Hamiden
dc.contributor.authorAsghar, Rana Jawaden
dc.contributor.authorAtey, Tesfay Meharien
dc.contributor.authorAvokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthuren
dc.contributor.authorAyele, Tadesse Awokeen
dc.contributor.authorAzzopardi, Peteren
dc.contributor.authorBacha, Umaren
dc.contributor.authorBarac, Aleksandraen
dc.contributor.authorBaernighausen, Tillen
dc.contributor.authorBazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzaden
dc.contributor.authorGeffen, Daviden
dc.contributor.authorBedi, Neerajen
dc.contributor.authorBensenor, Isabela M.en
dc.contributor.authorBerhane, Adugnawen
dc.contributor.authorBessong, Pascal Obongen
dc.contributor.authorBeyene, Addisu Shunuen
dc.contributor.authorBhutta, Zulfiqar A.en
dc.contributor.authorBirungi, Charlesen
dc.contributor.authorButt, Zahid A.en
dc.contributor.authorCahuana-Hurtado, Luceroen
dc.contributor.authorDanawi, Hadien
dc.contributor.authordas Neves, Joseen
dc.contributor.authorDeribe, Kebedeen
dc.contributor.authorDeribew, Amareen
dc.contributor.authorJarlais, Don C. Desen
dc.contributor.authorDharmaratne, Samath D.en
dc.contributor.authorDjalalinia, Shirinen
dc.contributor.authorDoyle, Kerrie E.en
dc.contributor.authorEndries, Aman Yesufen
dc.contributor.authorEshrati, Babaken
dc.contributor.authorFaraon, Emerito Jose Aquinoen
dc.contributor.authorFarvid, Maryam S.en
dc.contributor.authorFereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammaden
dc.contributor.authorFeyissa, Tesfaye Regassaen
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Florianen
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.en
dc.contributor.authorGebrehiwot, Tsegaye Teweldeen
dc.contributor.authorGesesew, Hailay Abrhaen
dc.contributor.authorGishu, Melkamu Dedefoen
dc.contributor.authorGlaser, Elizabethen
dc.contributor.authorGona, Philimon N.en
dc.contributor.authorGugnani, Harish Chanderen
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Rahulen
dc.contributor.authorBidgoli, Hassan Haghparasten
dc.contributor.authorHailu, Gessessew Bugssaen
dc.contributor.authorHamadeh, Randah Ribhien
dc.contributor.authorHambisa, Mitiku Teshomeen
dc.contributor.authorHamidi, Sameren
dc.contributor.authorHarb, Hilda L.en
dc.contributor.authorHareri, Habtamu Aberaen
dc.contributor.authorHorita, Nobuyukien
dc.contributor.authorHusseini, Abdullatifen
dc.contributor.authorIbrahim, Ahmeden
dc.contributor.authorJames, Spencer Lewisen
dc.contributor.authorJonas, Jost B.en
dc.contributor.authorKasaeian, Amiren
dc.contributor.authorKassaw, Nigussie Assefaen
dc.contributor.authorKhader, Yousef Salehen
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Ejaz Ahmaden
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Gulfarazen
dc.contributor.authorKhoja, Abdullah Tawfih Abdullahen
dc.contributor.authorKhubchandani, Jagdishen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Yun Jinen
dc.contributor.authorKoyanagi, Aien
dc.contributor.authorDefo, Barthelemy Kuateen
dc.contributor.authorLarson, Heidi J.en
dc.contributor.authorLatif, Asma Abdulen
dc.contributor.authorLeshargie, Cheru Tesemaen
dc.contributor.authorLunevicius, Raimundasen
dc.contributor.authorAbd El Razek, Mohammed Magdyen
dc.contributor.authorMajdzadeh, Rezaen
dc.contributor.authorMajeed, Azeemen
dc.contributor.authorMalekzadeh, Rezaen
dc.contributor.authorManyazewal, Tsegahunen
dc.contributor.authorMarkos, Desalegnen
dc.contributor.authorFarid, Habibolah Masoudien
dc.contributor.authorMehari, Alemen
dc.contributor.authorMekonnen, Alemayehu B.en
dc.contributor.authorMemiah, Peteren
dc.contributor.authorMemish, Ziad A.en
dc.contributor.authorMendoza, Walteren
dc.contributor.authorMengesha, Melkamu Meriden
dc.contributor.authorMengistu, Desalegn Tadeseen
dc.contributor.authorMezgebe, Haftay Berhaneen
dc.contributor.authorMhimbira, Francis Apolinaryen
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Ted R.en
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Ami R.en
dc.contributor.authorMumtaz, Ghina R.en
dc.contributor.authorNatarajan, Gopalakrishnanen
dc.contributor.authorNegin, Joelen
dc.contributor.authorObermeyer, Carla Makhloufen
dc.contributor.authorOgbo, Felix Akpojeneen
dc.contributor.authorOh, In-Hwanen
dc.contributor.authorOta, Erikaen
dc.contributor.authorPereira, David M.en
dc.contributor.authorPourmalek, Farshaden
dc.contributor.authorQorbani, Mostafaen
dc.contributor.authorRadfar, Amiren
dc.contributor.authorRafay, Anwaren
dc.contributor.authorRahimi-Movaghar, Vafaen
dc.contributor.authorRai, Rajesh Kumaren
dc.contributor.authorRam, Ushaen
dc.contributor.authorRawaf, David Laithen
dc.contributor.authorRawaf, Salmanen
dc.contributor.authorRenzaho, Andre M. N.en
dc.contributor.authorRezaei, Sataren
dc.contributor.authorRezai, Mohammad Sadeghen
dc.contributor.authorRoba, Hirbo Shoreen
dc.contributor.authorRoshandel, Gholamrezaen
dc.contributor.authorSafdarian, Mahdien
dc.contributor.authorSafiri, Saeiden
dc.contributor.authorSahraian, Mohammad Alien
dc.contributor.authorSalamati, Paymanen
dc.contributor.authorSamy, Abdallah M.en
dc.contributor.authorSartorius, Bennen
dc.contributor.authorSepanlou, Sadaf G.en
dc.contributor.authorShaikh, Masood Alien
dc.contributor.authorShamsizadeh, Mortezaen
dc.contributor.authorSibamo, Ephrem Lejore Sibamoen
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Jasvinder A.en
dc.contributor.authorSobaih, Badr H. A.en
dc.contributor.authorSoshnikov, Sergeyen
dc.contributor.authorSufiyan, Muawiyyah Babaleen
dc.contributor.authorSykes, Bryan L.en
dc.contributor.authorTaveira, Nunoen
dc.contributor.authorTegegne, Teketo Kassawen
dc.contributor.authorTehrani-Banihashemi, Arashen
dc.contributor.authorTekelab, Tesfalideten
dc.contributor.authorShifa, Girma Temamen
dc.contributor.authorTemsah, Mohamad-Hanien
dc.contributor.authorTesssema, Belayen
dc.contributor.authorTopor-Madry, Romanen
dc.contributor.authorUkwaja, Kingsley Nnannaen
dc.contributor.authorUthman, Olalekan A.en
dc.contributor.authorVollset, Stein Emilen
dc.contributor.authorWadilo, Fisehaen
dc.contributor.authorWakayo, Tolassaen
dc.contributor.authorAlebachew, Minyahilen
dc.contributor.authorWorkicho, Abdulhaliken
dc.contributor.authorWorkie, Shimelash Bitewen
dc.contributor.authorYaghoubi, Mohsenen
dc.contributor.authorYalew, Ayalnesh Zemeneen
dc.contributor.authorYimam, Hassen Hamiden
dc.contributor.authorYonemoto, Naohiroen
dc.contributor.authorYoon, Seok-Junen
dc.contributor.authorYotebieng, Marcelen
dc.contributor.authorYounis, Mustafa Z.en
dc.contributor.authorZaki, Maysaa El Sayeden
dc.contributor.authorJumaan, Aisha O.en
dc.contributor.authorVos, Theoen
dc.contributor.authorHay, Simon I.en
dc.contributor.authorNaghavi, Mohsenen
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Christopher J. L.en
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-06T13:59:19Zen
dc.date.available2019-09-06T13:59:19Zen
dc.date.issued2018-05en
dc.description.abstractWe used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to estimate trends of HIV/AIDS burden in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries between 1990 and 2015. Tailored estimation methods were used to produce final estimates of mortality. Years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated by multiplying the mortality rate by population by age-specific life expectancy. Years lived with disability (YLDs) were computed as the prevalence of a sequela multiplied by its disability weight. In 2015, the rate of HIV/AIDS deaths in the EMR was 1.8 (1.4-2.5) per 100,000 population, a 43% increase from 1990 (0.3; 0.2-0.8). Consequently, the rate of YLLs due to HIV/AIDS increased from 15.3 (7.6-36.2) per 100,000 in 1990 to 81.9 (65.3-114.4) in 2015. The rate of YLDs increased from 1.3 (0.6-3.1) in 1990 to 4.4 (2.7-6.6) in 2015. HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality increased in the EMR since 1990. To reverse this trend and achieve epidemic control, EMR countries should strengthen HIV surveillance, and scale up HIV antiretroviral therapy and comprehensive prevention services.en
dc.description.notesThis research was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.en
dc.description.sponsorshipBill & Melinda Gates Foundationen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1023-0en
dc.identifier.eissn1661-8564en
dc.identifier.issn1661-8556en
dc.identifier.pmid28776249en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/93496en
dc.identifier.volume63en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectHIVen
dc.subjectHIV mortalityen
dc.subjectEastern Mediterranean Regionen
dc.subjectBurden of diseaseen
dc.titleTrends in HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 studyen
dc.title.serialInternational Journal of Public Healthen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.dcmitypeStillImageen
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