Low frequency passive noise control of a piston structure with a weak radiating cell
The concept of a weak sound radiating cell is proposed to reduce the low-frequency radiated noise from structures. The cell consists of two mechanically coupled surfaces such that, when placed on a vibrating structure, the response of the two surfaces are nearly out-of-phase and nearly of the same strength over a wide frequency range. This structure response leads the cell to behave as an acoustic dipole and thus a poor sound-radiating source. The control of low-frequency structurally radiated noise is then achieved by covering the structure with an array of these weak radiating cells, i.e., surface treatment. Thus the surface treatment essentially transforms the response of the structure to that of a distributed array of dipoles yielding a low sound radiating structure. A theoretical model of a single weak radiating cell applied to a simple piston structure was developed and experimental verification was performed. Overall sound power level reductions of over 6 dB were experimentally achieved between 400 and 1600 Hz with maximum reductions of over 30 dB at discrete frequencies.