Climate change adaptation in fisheries


We conducted a global systematic literature review of climate change adaptation in fisheries. We addressed three specific questions: (i) What are fisheries adapting to? (ii) How are fisheries adapting? and (iii) What research gaps need to be addressed? We identified, characterized and examined case studies published between 1990 and 2019 that lie at the intersection of the domains of climate change, adaptation and fisheries. We characterized the documented climate change effects in fisheries that are being adapted to multiple stressors, general climate impacts, extreme events, ocean conditions, marine system shifts, climate variability, fishery dynamics, species distribution and atmospheric warming. Three categories of adaptive responses came to light: coping mechanisms (e.g. changing fishing location, use of traditional knowledge); adaptive strategies (e.g. livelihood diversification, incorporation of technology); and management responses (e.g. adaptive management, adaptation planning). We identified key potential areas for future research, including studies on the limits and barriers for adaptation, studies using specific conceptual and methodological approaches, and studies focussing on the top-producing countries such as China, Indonesia, Peru and Russia. This analysis gives broader insights to the fisheries industry and to climate change adaptation research to proceed in the face of new global challenges.



Fisheries, adaptation limits, adaptation tracking, global assessment, management approaches, research directions, systematic literature review, ADAPTIVE CAPACITY, ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE, LOCAL INSTITUTIONS, NATURAL DISASTERS, SUPPLY CHAINS, MANAGEMENT, RESILIENCE, STRATEGIES, PERCEPTIONS, LIVELIHOODS, Fisheries, 0602 Ecology, 0704 Fisheries Sciences