Seismic Performance Assessment of Wood-Frame Shear Wall Structures

dc.contributor.authorJayamon, Jeena Rachelen
dc.contributor.committeechairCharney, Finley A.en
dc.contributor.committeememberLine, Philipen
dc.contributor.committeememberEatherton, Matthew R.en
dc.contributor.committeememberKoutromanos, Ioannisen
dc.contributor.committeememberHindman, Daniel P.en
dc.contributor.departmentCivil and Environmental Engineeringen
dc.description.abstractWood-frame shear wall structures are widely used for residential and commercial buildings. These buildings are lightweight, have very ductile connections and includes multiple load paths. The main objective of this dissertation is to evaluate the seismic performance of a wide range of wood-frame shear wall building designs under the influence of modeling and analysis parameter variations. The first step towards the broad objective of seismic performance evaluation is to identify the different modeling and analysis parameters that can have a potential influence in the seismic response variations. The major variations considered in this study include level of critical damping, analytical modeling of damping, hysteresis model shape variations, ground motion characteristics, level of gravity loads, and floor acceleration variations. A subset of building model designs that were originally designed for the development of FEMA P-695 methodology is adapted for the numerical evaluations and a baseline for the variations is established. To study the sensitivity of inherent damping in wood-frame shear wall structures, an extensive literature survey is completed to find the experimentally observed damping levels in these buildings. Later, nonlinear dynamic analysis is performed for the range of damping levels using different Rayleigh damping models. Ground motion scaling methods, source-to-site distance, and peak intensity levels are the selected variations in ground characteristic group. To assist with the ground motion scaling procedures, a computational toolkit is created to produce amplitude and spectrum matched ground motions for response history analysis. The particular hysteresis model CASHEW that is used for the wood-frame shear wall system has a specific load-displacement shape which is a function of the shear wall design. Three key parameters of this model are varied in a range of values that were observed during experimental tests and seismic performance responses are computed for this variations. From the performance evaluations it is observed that the seismic response is quite sensitive to several of the modeling parameter variations and analysis variations mentioned above and has a unique response based on the design of the building. The range of performance variations for the different models are outlined in the chapters included in this dissertation.en
dc.description.degreePh. D.en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.subjectWood-Frame Shear Wall Buildingsen
dc.subjectSeismic Performanceen
dc.subjectFEMA P-695en
dc.subjectDamping Modelingen
dc.subjectParameter Variationsen
dc.titleSeismic Performance Assessment of Wood-Frame Shear Wall Structuresen
dc.typeDissertationen Engineeringen Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen D.en


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