Development of Integrated Photobioelectrochemical System (IPB): Processes, Modeling and Applications

TR Number
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Virginia Tech

Effective wastewater treatment is needed to reduce the water pollution problem. However, massive energy is consumed in wastewater treatment, required to design an innovative system to reduce the energy consumption to solve the energy crisis. Integrated photobioelectrochemical system (IPB) is a powerful system to combine microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and algal bioreactor together. This system has good performance on the organic degradation, removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, and recover the bioenergy via electricity generation and algal harvesting. This dissertation is divided to twelve chapters, about various aspects of the working mechanisms and actual application of IPB. Chapter 1 generally introduces the working mechanisms of MFCs, algal bioreactor, and modeling. Chapter 2 demonstrates the improvement of cathode material to improve the structure and catalytic performance to improve the MFC performance. Chapter 3 describes the process to use microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) to generate biohythane for the energy recovery. Chapters 4 and 5 demonstrate the application of stable isotope probing to study Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 in the MFCs. Chapters 6 to 8 describe the application of models to optimize MFC and IPB system performance. Chapter 9 describes the strategy improvement for the algal harvesting in IPB. Chapter 10 describes the application of scale-up bioelectrochemical systems on the long-term wastewater treatment. Chapter 11 finally concludes the perspectives of IPBs in the wastewater treatment and energy recovery. This dissertation comprehensively introduces IPB systems in the energy recovery and sustainable wastewater treatment in the future.

Bioelectrochemical system, algae, microbial fuel cell, energy recovery, wastewater treatment