Cognitive RF Front-end Control

dc.contributor.authorImana, Eyosias Yosephen
dc.contributor.committeechairReed, Jeffrey H.en
dc.contributor.committeememberKoh, Kwang-Jinen
dc.contributor.committeememberMcGwier, Robert W.en
dc.contributor.committeememberAthanas, Peter M.en
dc.contributor.committeememberFraticelli, Barbara M. P.en
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical and Computer Engineeringen
dc.description.abstractThis research addresses the performance degradation in receivers due to poor selectivity. Poor selectivity is expected to be a primary limitation on the performance of Dynamic-Spectrum-Access (DSA) and millimeter wave (mmWave) technologies. Both DSA and mmWave are highly desired technologies because they can address the spectrum-deficit problem that is currently challenging the wireless industry. Accordingly, addressing poor receiver selectivity is necessary to expedite the adoption of these technologies into the main street of wireless. This research develops two receiver design concepts to enhance the performance of poorly-selective receivers. The first concept is called cognitive RF front-end control (CogRF). CogRF operates by cognitively controlling the local-oscillator and sampling frequencies in receivers. This research shows that CogRF can fulfil the objective of pre-selectors by minimizing the effects of weak and moderately-powered neighboring-channel signals on the desired signal. This research shows that CogRF can be an alternative to high-performance pre-selectors, and hence, CogRF is a viable architecture to implement reliable DSA and mmWave receivers. The theoretical design and hardware implementation of a cognitive engine and a spectrum sensor of CogRF are reported in this dissertation. Measurement results show that CogRF significantly reduces the rate of communication outage due to interference from neighboring-channel signals in poorly-selective receivers. The results also indicate that CogRF can enable a poorly-selective receiver to behave like a highly-selective receiver. The second receiver design concept addresses very strong neighboring-channel signals. The performance of poorly selective receivers can easily suffer due to a strong, unfiltered neighboring-channel signal. A strong neighboring-channel signal is likely for a DSA radio that is operating in military radar bands. Traditionally, strong neighboring signals are addressed using an Automatic-Gain-Control (AGC) that attempt to accommodate the strong received signal into the dynamic range of the receiver. However, this technique potentially desensitizes the receiver because it sacrifices the Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (SNR) of the desired signal. This research proposes the use of auxiliary-receive path to address strong neighboring-channel signals with minimal penalty on the SNR of the desired signal. Through simulation based analysis, and hardware-based measurement, this research shows that the proposed technique can provide significant improvement in the neighboring-channel-interference handling capability of the receiver.en
dc.description.degreePh. D.en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.subjectCognitive radio networksen
dc.subjectradio receiversen
dc.titleCognitive RF Front-end Controlen
dc.typeDissertationen Engineeringen Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen D.en


Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
2.85 MB
Adobe Portable Document Format