New phase in the one-dimensional t-J model

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American Physical Society

A new phase of a gas of pairs of electrons bounded in a singlet state is found in the one-dimensional t -J model for J > 2t and the density of electrons less than 0.2. This phase was conjectured in the study of the diagonalization of small lattices [Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2388 (1991)]. The existence of this new phase for much larger lattice sizes is demonstrated by a combination of two numerical methods, the variational Monte Carlo and the power method. A trial wave function for this phase is proposed and shown to be in good agreement with the ground state obtained by the power method.

antiferromagnetic heisenberg-model, monte-carlo, luttinger-liquid, hubbard-model, state, spin, diagram, chains, physics, condensed matter
Chen, Y. C.; Lee, T. K., "New phase in the one-dimensional t-J model," Phys. Rev. B 47, 11548 DOI: