Regulating Hypermedia: Self-regulation learning strategies in a hypermedia environment
Students of all abilities and ranges of achievement have become familiar with a variety of hypermedia-based settings which offer information on virtually any content area. The concept of self-regulation implies that learners can initiate processes to facilitate learning regardless of their perceived learning ability or environment, two learning characteristics once thought to be immutable forces. The purpose of the study was to design and implement hypermedia components that provide various levels of user support based upon known self-regulatory learning strategies. The components were applied within an existing web-based learning environment which combined class lecture and presentation with web-based components. Student input provided impetus for the revision of existing components and suggestions for new components designed to promote regulatory behavior within the web-based environment. Through participant observation, student desires for hypermedia components which promote self-regulatory behaviors are described and compared with the actual usage patterns of these components. Significant differences were found in measures of students perceived level of self-efficacy for performance and learning, metacognitive self-regulation, and test anxiety. In addition, one of the added components was rated as "highly effective" by the participants and the second-most-used component of the web site. Discussion incorporates student input to provide support for incorporating components which promote self-regulatory learning strategies in a hypermedia instructional environment and offers generalizations for educators and instructional designers based on these findings.