Experiments on active control of structurally radiated sound using multiple piezoceramic actuators
Active control of sound radiation from a vibrating rectangular plate excited by a steady-state harmonic point force disturbance is experimentally studied. Control structural inputs are achieved by three piezoceramic actuators bonded to the surface of the panel. Microphones were implemented as error sensors in the radiated field, while the control approach was based upon a filtered-X version of the adaptive least-mean-squares (lms)algorithm. Both position and number of piezoceramic actuators were varied during the test to determine the effects on control authority. A variety of test cases were studied for controlling sound radiation due to a disturbance both on and off resonance. Results from these experiments indicate that piezoceramic elements provide an efficient method for distributed modification of structural response to attenuate sound radiation. In addition, the adaptive lms algorithm is shown to be an effective narrow-band controller, which in contrast to feedback approaches, requires little system modeling.