Design of active structural acoustic control systems using a nonvolumetric eigenproperty assignment approach
Sound radiation of planar radiators such as beams and plates is known to be directly related to the velocity distribution over the structural surface at low frequencies. For example, nonvolumetric modes correspond to poor sound radiators for small k(0)a. In this work, to achieve significant sound attenuation in the low-frequency range, the SISO eigen assignment technique is used to modify the eigenproperties of a planar structure using structural actuators and sensors so that all the modes of the controlled structure are nonvolumetric. The main advantage of such an approach is that the design is independent of the disturbance characteristics (i.e., type, position, and frequency content) and does not require sensors in the radiation field. The design procedure for the control system in the modal domain is presented. The formulation is applied to a simply supported beam with SISO feedforward control. Radiation efficiency, far-field sound radiated power and mean-square surface velocity are extensively studied. The results show that the control scheme proposed here is very efficient in reducing sound radiation at low frequencies. (C) 1997 Acoustical Society of America.