Uncovering Inequalities in Food Accessibility between Koreans and Japanese in 1930s Colonial Seoul Using GIS and Open-Source Transport Analytics Tools

dc.contributor.authorHa, Hui Jeongen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jinhyungen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Junghwanen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Youngjoonen
dc.coverage.citySeoulen
dc.coverage.countrySouth Koreaen
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-22T13:17:56Zen
dc.date.available2022-09-22T13:17:56Zen
dc.date.issued2022-09-20en
dc.date.updated2022-09-22T12:02:20Zen
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to investigate the disparities and inequalities in food accessibility in colonial Seoul (Keijo [京城] in Japanese, and Gyeongseong [경성] in Korean) in the 1930s, using a geographic information system (GIS) and open-source transport analytics tools. We specifically focused on the unique social standing of people in the colonial era, namely colonial rulers (Japanese) vs. subjects (Koreans) and examined whether neighborhoods with larger proportions of colonial rulers had more access to food opportunities. For a comprehensive evaluation, we computed food accessibility by multiple transport modes (e.g., public transit and walking), as well as by different time budgets (e.g., 15 min and 30 min) and considered various sets of food options—including rice, meat, seafood, general groceries, vegetables, and fruits—when measuring and comparing accessibility across neighborhoods in colonial Seoul. We took a novel digital humanities approach by synthesizing historical materials and modern, open-source transport analysis tools to compute cumulative opportunity-based accessibility measures in 1930s colonial Seoul. The results revealed that Japanese-dominant neighborhoods had higher accessibility by both public transit and walking than Korean-dominant neighborhoods. The results further suggest that inequality and disparity in food accessibility is observed not only in contemporary society but also in the 1930s, indicating a historically rooted issue.en
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.citationHa, H.J.; Lee, J.; Kim, J.; Kim, Y. Uncovering Inequalities in Food Accessibility between Koreans and Japanese in 1930s Colonial Seoul Using GIS and Open-Source Transport Analytics Tools. Sustainability 2022, 14, 11852.en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/su141911852en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/111961en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titleUncovering Inequalities in Food Accessibility between Koreans and Japanese in 1930s Colonial Seoul Using GIS and Open-Source Transport Analytics Toolsen
dc.title.serialSustainabilityen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
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