The quasar outflow contribution to AGN feedback: VLT measurements of SDSS J0318-0600
We present high spectral resolution Very Large Telescope observations of the broad absorption line quasar SDSS J0318-0600. This high-quality data set allows us to extract accurate ionic column densities and determine an electron number density of n(e) = 10(3.3 +/- 0.2) cm(-3) for the main outflow absorption component. The heavily reddened spectrum of SDSS J0318-0600 requires purely silicate dust with a reddening curve characteristic of predominately large grains, from which we estimate the bolometric luminosity. We carry out photoionization modeling to determine the total column density, ionization parameter, and distance of the gas and find that the photoionization models suggest abundances greater than solar. Due to the uncertainty in the location of the dust extinction, we arrive at two viable distances for the main ouflow component from the central source, 6 and 17 kpc, where we consider the 6 kpc location as somewhat more physically plausible. Assuming the canonical global covering of 20% for the outflow and a distance of 6 kpc, our analysis yields a mass flux of 120 M(circle dot) yr(-1) and a kinetic luminosity that is similar to 0.1% of the bolometric luminosity of the object. Should the dust be part of the outflow, then these values are similar to 4x larger. The large mass flux and kinetic luminosity make this outflow a significant contributor to active galactic nucleus feedback processes.