Stationary correlations for a far-from-equilibrium spin chain

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American Physical Society

A kinetic one-dimensional Ising model on a ring evolves according to a generalization of Glauber rates, such that spins at even (odd) lattice sites experience a temperature T(e) (T(o)). Detailed balance is violated so that the spin chain settles into a nonequilibrium stationary state, characterized by multiple interactions of increasing range and spin order. We derive the equations of motion for arbitrary correlation functions and solve them to obtain an exact representation of the steady state. Two nontrivial amplitudes reflect the sublattice symmetries; otherwise, correlations decay exponentially, modulo the periodicity of the ring. In the long-chain limit, they factorize into products of two-point functions, in precise analogy to the equilibrium Ising chain. The exact solution confirms the expectation, based on simulations and renormalization group arguments, that the long-time, long-distance behavior of this two-temperature model is Ising-like, in spite of the apparent complexity of the stationary distribution.

long-range correlations, driven diffusive system, nonequilibrium, steady-states, critical-behavior, lattice gases, field-theory, dynamics, models, fluids, Physics
Schmittmann, B ; Schmuser, F., Oct 2002. "Stationary correlations for a far-from-equilibrium spin chain," PHYSICAL REVIEW E 66(4) Part 2: 046130. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.66.046130