An examination of outliers and interaction in a nonreplicated two-way table

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Virginia Tech

The additive-plus-multiplicative model, Yij = μ + αi + βj + ∑p=1kλpτpiγpj, has been used to describe multiplicative interaction in an unreplicated experiment. Outlier effects often appear as interaction in a two-way analysis of variance with one observation per cell. I use this model in the same setting to study outliers. In data sets with significant interaction, one may be interested in determining whether the cause of the interaction is due to a true interaction, outliers or both. I develop a new technique which can show how outliers can be distinguished from interaction when there are simple outliers in a two-way table. Several examples illustrating the use of this model to describe outliers and interaction are presented.

I briefly address the topics of leverage and influence. Leverage measures the impact a change in an observation has on fitted values, whereas influence evaluates the effect deleting an observation has on model estimates. I extend the leverage tables for an additive-plus-multiplicative model of rank 1 to a rank k model. Several examples studying the influence in a two-way nonreplicated table are given.