The Farthest Quasar Mini-Broad Absorption Line Outflow from Its Central Source: Very Large Telescope/UVES Observation of SDSS J0242+0049

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IOP Publishing

We analyze Very Large Telescope/UVES observations of the quasar SDSS J024221.87+004912.6. We identify four absorption outflow systems: a C iv broad absorption line (BAL) at v approximate to -18,000 km s(-1) and three narrower low-ionization systems with centroid velocities ranging from -1200 to -3500 km s(-1). These outflows show similar physical attributes to the [O iii] outflows studied by Liu et al. (2013). We find that two of the systems are energetic enough to contribute to active galactic nucleus feedback, with one system reaching above 5% of the quasar's Eddington luminosity. We also find that this system is at a distance of 67 kpc away from the quasar, the farthest detected mini-BAL absorption outflow from its central source to date. In addition, we examine the time-variability of the BAL and find that its velocity monotonically increases, while the trough itself becomes shallower over time.

keck hires observations, agn feedback, hst/cos observations, intrinsic fraction, ionized-gas, vlt-uves, emission, acceleration, dynamics, database