A Hybrid Soft Soil Tire Model (HSSTM) For Vehicle Mobility And Deterministic Performance Analysis In Terramechanics Applications

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Virginia Tech

Accurate and efficient tire models for deformable terrain operations are essential for performing vehicle simulations. Assessment of the forces and moments that occur at the tire-terrain interface, and the effect of the tire motion on properties of the terrain are crucial in understanding the performance of a vehicle. In order to model the dynamic behavior of the tire on different terrains, a lumped mass discretized tire model using Kelvin-Voigt elements is developed. To optimize the computational time of the code, different techniques were used in memory allocation, parameter initialization, code sequence, and multi-processing. This has resulted in significant improvements in efficiency of the code that can now run close to real time and therefore it is suitable for use by commercially available vehicle simulation packages. Model parameters are obtained using a validated finite element tire model, modal analysis, and other experimental test procedures. Experimental tests were performed on the Terramechanics rig at Virginia Tech. The tests were performed on different terrains; tire forces and moments, soil sinkage, and tire deformation data were collected for various case studies based on a design of experiment matrix. This data, in addition to modal analysis data were used to validate the tire model. Furthermore, to study the validity of the tire model, simulations at conditions similar to the test conditions were performed on a quarter car model. The results have indicated the superiority of this model as compared to other lumped parameter models currently available.

Tire Model, Vehicle Simulation, Tire-Terrain Interaction, Terramechanics