A community college evaluation of DISCOVER and Virginia VIEW

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Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University


The purpose of this study was to evaluate a computer-assisted career information delivery system (CIDS), Virginia VIEW, with a computer-assisted guidance system (CAGS), DISCOVER, at a Virginia community college using parts of Shealy' s 1982 evaluation model patterned on the National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee's specifications. User impact, user satisfaction, and economic efficiency components were studied.

Screened volunteers in this five-week unstructured study were randomly assigned to four treatment groups of 25 students each: (A) Virginia VIEW; (B) Virginia VIEW and DISCOVER; (C) Control, wait for five weeks before using DISCOVER or VIEW; and (D) DISCOVER. Program completers (A=l7), (B=l8), (C=l9), and (D=20) took the Career Development Inventory (CDI) developed by Super and the Career Decision Scale (CDS) developed by Osipow as pre- and post-test instruments. Counseling assistance was available at all times upon request and records were kept on CIDS/CAGS User Logs. Student Planning and Counselor's Observation Logs were also kept.

Based on the pre- and post-test results of the CDI and CDS, students did not differ in the affective, behavioral, and cognitive areas of career development and decision making at the end of five weeks (user impact). Students did not differ in their opinions (user satisfaction) of the information development, information delivery, or user service components of the two systems. Results on economic efficiency revealed that Virginia VIEW was less expensive per student user, while DISCOVER was less expensive per student hour of use.

There were no clear differences in the three areas evaluated by this study between Virginia VIEW or DISCOVER. It was recommended that Shealy' s model be used again to evaluate the Interactive Virginia VIEW against DISCOVER and SIGI. Further research was also recommended in the use of the weekly Quantitative and Qualitative Student Career Planning Log.