Active control of far-field sound radiated by a rectangular panel - a general analysis
In this paper a general analysis is presented for the active control of the far-field harmonic sound radiated by a rectangular panel that is built into an infinite baffle. In this analysis, the panel vibration may be generated by either airborne sound (incident sound field) or by structure borne vibrations. The far-field radiated sound is controlled either by acoustical sources or vibration sources. Minimization of both the local sound pressure and the total power output is considered. Analytical results for the particular case involving minimization of the sound pressure at a single point are compared with experimental data. The physical mechanisms involved for different control sources (vibration or acoustic) are demonstrated analytically. For the case of vibration control sources, the panel modal velocity components are adjusted to produce far-field sound control. This can be done either by decreasing their amplitudes, and/or by changing the temporal phases of the panel modes. However, for acoustic control sources, the far-field sound is minimized by alteration of the radiation impedance seen by the vibrating panel and the control sources.