Photoemission and low-energy-electron-diffraction study of clean and oxygen-dosed Cu₂O (111) and (100) surfaces


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American Physical Society


The geometric and electronic structure of clean and oxygen-dosed Cu₂O single-crystal surfaces was studied with x-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron (UPS) spectroscopies and low-energy electron diffraction. The nonpolar (111) surface can be prepared in a nearly stoichiometric (1×1) form by ion bombardment and annealing in vacuum. Oxygen adsorbs molecularly on the stoichiometric (111) surface at 300 K, but adsorbs dissociatively on a defective (111) surface prepared by ion bombardment. For the polar Cu₂O(100) face it was possible to prepare a reconstructed, Cu-terminated surface with a (3√2×√2)R45° periodicity by ion bombardment and annealing in vacuum. Preparation of an unreconstructed, (1×1), O-terminated (100) surface was possible by large (10⁹-L) oxygen exposures. UPS investigations of the O-terminated (100) surface suggest a mixture of incorporated (i.e., lattice) oxygen and adsorbed atomic oxygen (i.e., adatoms) in the terminating layer. The annealing behavior of the Cu₂O(100) surface was history dependent. Early in the sample history, bulk lattice oxygen diffused to the surface at temperatures above 800 K giving domains of (square-root 2×√2)R45° periodicity associated with half a terminating layer of oxygen atoms. After repeated ion bombardment and annealing cycles, heating above 800 K gave only a Cu-terminated surface, apparently because of a depletion of bulk lattice oxygen.



Copper surfaces, Adsorption, CuO, Stability, XPS, AES, Physics, Condensed matter


Schulz, K. H.; Cox, D. F., "Photoemission and low-energy-electron-diffraction study of clean and oxygen-dosed Cu2O (111) and (100) surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 43, 1610 DOI: